Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/44923
Title: New methods for the concentration of viruses from urban sewage using quantitative PCR.
Author: Calgua de León, Byron Thomas
Rodríguez Manzano, Jesús
Hundesa Gonfa, Ayalkibet
Suñen, E.
Calvo, Miquel (Calvo Llorca)
Bofill Mas, Silvia
Gironès Llop, Rosina
Keywords: Virus
Contaminació de l'aigua
Aigües residuals
Viruses
Water pollution
Sewage
Issue Date: Feb-2013
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: Viruses are among the most important pathogens present in water contaminated with feces or urine and represent a serious risk to human health. Four procedures for concentrating viruses from sewage have been compared in this work, three of which were developed in the present study. Viruses were quantified using PCR techniques. According to statistical analysis and the sensitivity to detect human adenoviruses (HAdV), JC polyomaviruses (JCPyV) and noroviruses genogroup II (NoV GGII): (i) a new procedure (elution and skimmed-milk flocculation procedure (ESMP)) based on the elution of the viruses with glycine-alkaline buffer followed by organic flocculation with skimmed-milk was found to be the most efficient method when compared to (ii) ultrafiltration and glycine-alkaline elution, (iii) a lyophilization-based method and (iv) ultracentrifugation and glycine-alkaline elution. Through the analysis of replicate sewage samples, ESMP showed reproducible results with a coefficient of variation (CV) of 16% for HAdV, 12% for JCPyV and 17% for NoV GGII. Using spiked samples, the viral recoveries were estimated at 30-95% for HAdV, 55-90% for JCPyV and 45-50% for NoV GGII. ESMP was validated in a field study using twelve 24-h composite sewage samples collected in an urban sewage treatment plant in the North of Spain that reported 100% positive samples with mean values of HAdV, JCPyV and NoV GGII similar to those observed in other studies. Although all of the methods compared in this work yield consistently high values of virus detection and recovery in urban sewage, some require expensive laboratory equipment. ESMP is an effective low-cost procedure which allows a large number of samples to be processed simultaneously and is easily standardizable for its performance in a routine laboratory working in water monitoring. Moreover, in the present study, a CV was applied and proposed as a parameter to evaluate and compare the methods for detecting viruses in sewage samples.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2012.10.012
It is part of: Journal of Virological Methods, 2013, vol. 187, num. 2, p. 215-221
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.jviromet.2012.10.012
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/44923
ISSN: 0166-0934
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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