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Title: A simple model to describe the thixotropic behavior of paints.
Author: Armelin, Elaine
Martí, Mireia
Rudé i Payró, Elisabet
Labanda, Jordi
Llorens Llacuna, Joan
Alemán, Carlos
Keywords: Reologia
Pintura (Producte químic)
Issue Date: 2006
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: We propose a simple rheological model to describe the thixotropic behavior of paints, since the classical hysteresis area, which is usually used, is not enough to evaluate thixotropy. The model is based on the assumption that viscosity is a direct measure of the structural level of the paint. The model depends on two equations: the Cross-Carreau equation to describe the equilibrium viscosity and a second order kinetic equation to express the time dependence of viscosity. Two characteristic thixotropic times are differentiated: one for the net structure breakdown, which is defined as a power law function of shear rate, and an other for the net structure buildup, which is not dependent on the shear rate. The knowledge of both kinetic processes can be used to improve the quality and applicability of paints. Five representative commercial protective marine paints are tested. They are based on chlorinated rubber, acrylic, alkyd, vinyl, and epoxy resins. The temperature dependence of the rheological behavior is also studied with the temperature ranging from 5 ºC to 35 ºC. It is found that the paints exhibit both shear thinning and thixotropic behavior. The model fits satisfactorily the thixotropy of the studied paints. It is also able to predict the thixotropy dependence on temperature. Both viscosity and the degree of thixotropy increase as the temperature decreases.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Progress in Organic Coatings, 2006, vol. 57, num. 3, p. 229-235
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ISSN: 0300-9440
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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