Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/47705
Title: Duality theory and Abstract Algebraic Logic
Author: Esteban, María
Director: Jansana, Ramon
Celani, Sergio Arturo
Keywords: Reticle (Matemàtiques)
Lattice (Mathematics)
Lògica algebraica abstracta
Abstract algebraic logic
Lògica matemàtica
Àlgebra
Teoria de dualitat (Matemàtica)
Mathematical logic
Algebra
Duality theory (Mathematics)
Issue Date: 4-Nov-2013
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [spa] En esta tesis se presentan los resultados de nuestra investigación acerca de la teoría de la dualidad para lógicas no clásicas desde el punto de vista de la Lógica Algebráica Abstracta (LAA). Un estudio preliminar de las distintas nociones de filtros e ideales lógicos asociados a las álgebras de una lógica cualquiera, y los lemas de separación entre dichas nociones nos lleva a proponer una dualidad abstracta de tipo espectral, y otra de tipo Priestley, para cada lógica congruencial, filtro distributiva, finitaria y con teoremas. Esta propuesta pretende unificar las distintas dualidades de tipo espectral y de tipo Priestley para lógicas no clásicas que encontramos en la literatura, mostrando el esquema abstracto en el que todas ellas encajan e identificando. En segundo lugar es examinada la correspondencia dual de algunas propiedades lógicas, como la propiedad de la conjunción, la propiedad de la disyunción, el teorema de deducción, la propiedad del elemento inconsistente o la propiedad de introducción de la modalidad. Esto sirve, por una parte, para revelar la conexión que existe entre las dualidades abstractas propuestas y las dualidades concretas relacionadas con lógicas no clásicas que habían sido estudiadas previamente, y por otra parte, para obtener nuevas dualidades. Centrándonos en el fragmento implicativo de la lógica intuicionista y en sus expansiones que son filtro distributivas, congruenciales, finitarias y con teoremas, mostramos cómo las dualidades que habían sido estudiadas para algunas de esas lógicas se pueden obtener como casos particulares de la teoría general. Además obtenemos nuevas dualidades para varias de dichas expansiones, algunas de las cuales pueden ser simplificadas dado que las lógicas tienen buenas propiedades. Finalmente, desarrollamos una nueva estrategia que puede ser aplicada de forma modular para simplificar algunas de las dualidades obtenidas. En conclusión, en esta tesis se muestra que la Lógica Algebráica Abstracta provee un marco general teórico apropiado para desarrollar una teoría abstracta de la dualidad para lógicas no clásicas. Dicha teoría uniformiza los diferentes resultados de la literatura, y de ella se deducen nuevos resultados.
[eng] In this thesis we present the results of our research on duality theory for non-classical logics under the point of view of Abstract Algebraic Logic (AAL). Firstly, we propose an abstract Spectral-like duality and an abstract Priestley-style duality for every filter distributive finitary congruential logic with theorems. This proposal aims to unify the various dualities for concrete logics that we find in the literature, by showing the abstract template in which all of them fit. Secondly, the dual correspondence of some logical properties is examined. This serves to reveal the connection between our abstract dualities and the concrete dualities related wot concrete logics. We apply those results to get new dualities for suitable expansions of a well-known logic: the implicative fragment of intuitionistic logic. Finally, we develop a new strategy that can be modularly applied to simplify some of the dualities obtained. The first part of the dissertation is devoted to introduce the preliminaries and the basic notation. In Chapter 1 we fix the mathematical concepts that we assume the reader is familiar with. Of particular interest is the section in which we introduce the basic concepts of AAL, such as "S-filter" or "S-algebra". The notion of "closure operator" plays a fundamental role in AAL, as well as in our dissertation. The notions of filter and ideal associated with a closure operator, and the separation lemmas between them are studied in detail in Chapter 2. Moreover, we briefly review the literature on duality theory for non classical logics in Chapter 3. In the second part of the dissertation we present an abstract view of the duality theory for non-classical logics. In Chapter 4 we review previous works on this topic, in which our work relies, and we introduce the notions of "referential algebra", "irreducible and optimal S-filter" and "S-semilattice". This lead us to identify a set of necessary conditions that a logic should satisfy in order to develop a Spectra-like/Priestley-style duality for it. These conditions are: "filter distributivity","congruentiality", "finitarity" and "having theorems". Moreover, we carry out a brief digression in which we argue how those notions can also be used to develop an abstract theory of canonical extensions. The core of the proposed theory consists of the definitions of dual objects and morphisms, for the category of S-algebras and homomorphisms, for any logic S that satisfies the mentioned properties. In Chapter 5 we define a Spectral-like duality and a Priestley-style duality for filter distributive finitary congruential logics with theorems, and we prove the respective duality theorems. Due to the abstraction of our approach, we obtain that the objects of both categories involved in the duality posses algebraic nature. However, through the analysis of the dual correspondence of several well-known logical properties, we can simplify the definitions of the dual categories, provided the logic under consideration satisfies such good logical properties. This analysis is interesting under the point of view of AAL, since our results can be regarded as bridge theorems between logical properties and properties of a Kripke-style semantics. And it is also interesting under the point of view of duality theory, since it confirms the strength of duality theory, that can be developed in a modular way beyond the distributive lattice setting. Moreover, our analysis shows the connection of the general theory proposed with the concrete results that we find in the literature, and lead us to explore the applications of such general theory to obtain new dualities.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/47705
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Lògica, Història i Filosofia de la Ciència

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