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Title: Sensorimotor Plasticity after Music-Supported Therapy in Chronic Stroke Patients Revealed by Transcranial Magnetic Stimulation
Author: Amengual, Julià L.
Rojo, Nuria
Veciana de las Heras, Misericordia
Marco Pallarés, Josep
Grau-Sánchez, Jennifer
Schneider, Sabine
Vaquero, Lucía
Juncadella i Puig, Montserrat
Montero Homs, Jordi
Mohammadi, Bahram
Rubio, Francisco
Rueda, Nohora
Duarte, Esther
Grau Fonollosa, Carles
Altenmüller, Eckart
Münte, Thomas F.
Rodríguez Fornells, Antoni
Keywords: Musicoteràpia
Malalties cerebrovasculars
Music therapy
Cerebrovascular disease
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Several recently developed therapies targeting motor disabilities in stroke sufferers have shown to be more effective than standard neurorehabilitation approaches. In this context, several basic studies demonstrated that music training produces rapid neuroplastic changes in motor-related brain areas. Music-supported therapy has been recently developed as a new motor rehabilitation intervention. METHODS AND RESULTS: In order to explore the plasticity effects of music-supported therapy, this therapeutic intervention was applied to twenty chronic stroke patients. Before and after the music-supported therapy, transcranial magnetic stimulation was applied for the assessment of excitability changes in the motor cortex and a 3D movement analyzer was used for the assessment of motor performance parameters such as velocity, acceleration and smoothness in a set of diadochokinetic movement tasks. Our results suggest that the music-supported therapy produces changes in cortical plasticity leading the improvement of the subjects' motor performance. CONCLUSION: Our findings represent the first evidence of the neurophysiological changes induced by this therapy in chronic stroke patients, and their link with the amelioration of motor performance. Further studies are needed to confirm our observations.
It is part of: PLoS One, 2013, vol. 8, num. 4, p. e61883
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)

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