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Title: Effects of Galanin on hormone secretion from the in situ perfused rat pancreas and on glucose productionin rat hepatocytes in vitro
Author: Silvestre, R. A.
Miralles, P.
Monge, L.
Moreno Llorente, Pablo
Villanueva, M. L.
Marco, J.
Keywords: Medicaments peptídics
Peptide drugs
Issue Date: 1-Jul-1987
Publisher: Association for the Study of Internal Secretions
Abstract: Galanin is a novel peptide, widely distributed throughout the central and peripheral nervous system, including nerve endings surrounding the pancreatic islets. In dogs, galanin infusion has been reported to induce hyperglycemia along with a reduction of circulating insulin. In this work, we have studied the effect of galanin (a 200 ng bolus followed by constant infusion at a concentration of 16.8 ng/ml for 22-24 min) on insulin, glucagon, and somatostatin secretion in the perfused rat pancreas! In addition, we have investigated the effect of galanin (10 and 100 nM) on glycogenolysis and gluconeogenesis in isolated rat hepatocytes. In the rat pancreas, galanin infusion marked inhibited unstimulated insulin release as well as the insulin responses to glucose (11 mM), tolbutamide (100 mg/liter) and arginine (5 DIM). Galanin failed to alter the glucagon and somatostatin responses to glucose, tolbutamide, and arginine. In isolated rat hepatocytes, galanin did not influence glycogenolysis or glucagon phosphorylase a activity. Gluconeogenesis and the hepatocyte concentration of fructose 2,6-bisphosphate were also unaffected by galanin. In conclusion: 1) in the perfused rat pancreas, galanin inhibited insulin secretion without modifying glucagon and somatostatin output, thus pointing to a direct effect of galanin on the B cell; and 2) in rat hepatocytes, galanin did not affect glycogenolysis or gluconeogenesis; hence, the reported hyperglycemia induced by exogenous galanin does not seem to be accounted for by a direct effect of this peptide on hepatic glucose production
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Endocrinology, 1987, vol. 121, num. 1, p. 378-383
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ISSN: 0013-7227
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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