Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/49469
Title: El sistema electoral de les Corts Valencianes: orígens i reforma
Author: Calvet Crespo, Jordi
Keywords: Dret electoral
Partits polítics
País Valencià
Election law
Political parties
Valencian Community
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Servei de Publicacions de les Corts Valencianes
Abstract: [cat] Aquest article vol refutar la hipòtesi que els partits decideixen sistemes electorals majoritaris i que decideixen també mantenir-los invariables, sempre que el sistema de partits s"aproximi al bipartidisme i cap dels dos grans partits pugui perdre la seva posició a favor d"un nou competidor. De manera inversa, els sistemes electorals proporcionals són la conseqüència del multipartidisme, en el qual cap partit té opcions de rebre la majoria dels vots. El cas valencià, però, confirma només parcialment la hipòtesi: els partits van aprovar el 1982 regles proporcionals perquè les eleccions dels parlaments autonòmics eren considerades secundàries, no només pel multipartidisme existent aleshores. En canvi, sí que es confirma que el canvi iniciat el 2006 amb la reforma estatutària manté, de moment, l"status quo per no alterar la formació de majories parlamentàries. Encara queda pendent, però, que es modifiqui la Llei Electoral, de la qual depèn quin mínim de vots per entrar a les Corts s"establirà.
[eng] This article aims to refute the hypothesis that political parties decide majority electoral systems as well as ensure their constancy, whenever they approach a two-party-system and none of them loses its position in favour of a new one. On the contrary, proportional electoral systems are a consequence of multi-party-system, since none of them have been able to obtain the majority votes (Colomer, 2003; 56). Nevertheless, the Valencian case partially confirms this hypothesis: The parties approved proportional rules in 1982 because autonomic parliament elections were considered to be secondary due to the existing multi-party-system at that time. Otherwise, it has been proved that the change that started in 2006 with the statutory reform maintains currently the status quo in order not to alter the formation of parliament majorities. Significant modifications of the Electoral Law are still to be determined. Anticipated changes to the Electoral Law will establish the minimum of votes necessary to enter parliament. The article includes three parts: The first explains the origin of the electoral system by analyzing the political debate and the options defended by each party during the approval of the Statute in 1982. The draft bills of Unió de Centro Democrático (ucd), Partit Socialista del País Valencià-Partido Socialista Obrero Español (pspv-psoe), Partit Comunista del País Valencià-Partido Comunista de España (pcpv-pce) i Alianza Popular (ap) are analyzed. These draft bills depended on the assumption that the Valencian electoral map will follow the results of the 1977 and 1979 elections at the Chamber of Deputies. In addition, the process of the statutory bill is analyzed. This included electoral rules derived from the autonomic agreements in 1981, which were based on the assumption of a multi-party-system balancing the lack of proportion in the Chamber of Deputies.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://www.cortsvalencianes.es/descarga/anuario_html/anuario23/anuario23.htm
It is part of: Corts. Anuario de Derecho Parlamentario, 2010, num. 23, p. 225-256
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/49469
ISSN: 1136-3339
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dret Constitucional, Ciència Política i de l'Administració, Dret Eclesiàstic de l'Estat i Filosofia del Dret)

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