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Title: Epigenetic Inactivation of the BRCA1 Interactor SRBC and Resistance to Oxaliplatin in Colorectal Cancer
Author: Moutinho, Cátia
Martinez-Cardús, Anna
Santos, Cristina
Navarro-Pérez, Valentin
Martínez-Balibrea, Eva
Musulen, Eva
Carmona, F. Javier
Sartore-Bianchi, Andrea
Cassingena, Andrea
Siena, Salvatore
Élez, Elena
Tabernero Caturla, Josep
Salazar Soler, Ramón
Abad, Albert
Esteller, Manel
Keywords: Epigènesi
Càncer colorectal
Genètica mèdica
Resistència als medicaments
Colorectal cancer
Medical genetics
Drug resistance
Issue Date: 22-Nov-2013
Publisher: Oxford University Press
Abstract: BACKGROUND: A major problem in cancer chemotherapy is the existence of primary resistance and/or the acquisition of secondary resistance. Many cellular defects contribute to chemoresistance, but epigenetic changes can also be a cause. METHODS: A DNA methylation microarray was used to identify epigenetic differences in oxaliplatin-sensitive and -resistant colorectal cancer cells. The candidate gene SRBC was validated by single-locus DNA methylation and expression techniques. Transfection and short hairpin experiments were used to assess oxaliplatin sensitivity. Progression-free survival (PFS) and overall survival (OS) in metastasic colorectal cancer patients were explored with Kaplan-Meier and Cox regression analyses. All statistical tests were two-sided. RESULTS: We found that oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancer cells depends on the DNA methylation-associated inactivation of the BRCA1 interactor SRBC gene. SRBC overexpression or depletion gives rise to sensitivity or resistance to oxaliplatin, respectively. SRBC epigenetic inactivation occurred in primary tumors from a discovery cohort of colorectal cancer patients (29.8%; n = 39 of 131), where it predicted shorter PFS (hazard ratio [HR] = 1.83; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.15 to 2.92; log-rank P = .01), particularly in oxaliplatin-treated case subjects for which metastasis surgery was not indicated (HR = 1.96; 95% CI = 1.13 to 3.40; log-rank P = .01). In a validation cohort of unresectable colorectal tumors treated with oxaliplatin (n = 58), SRBC hypermethylation was also associated with shorter PFS (HR = 1.90; 95% CI = 1.01 to 3.60; log-rank P = .045). CONCLUSIONS: These results provide a basis for future clinical studies to validate SRBC hypermethylation as a predictive marker for oxaliplatin resistance in colorectal cancer.
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It is part of: Journal of the National Cancer Institute, 2013, vol. 106, num. 1
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ISSN: 0027-8874
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Fisiològiques)

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