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Title: A comparison of the dental status and treatment needs of older adults with and without chronic mental illness in Sevilla, Spain
Author: Velasco Ortega, Eugenio
Segura Egea, Juan José
Córdoba Arenas, Sara
Jiménez Guerra, Alvaro
Monsalve Guil, Loreto
López López, José, 1958-
Keywords: Odontologia geriàtrica
Malalties mentals
Implants dentals
Geriatric dentistry
Mental illness
Dental implants
Issue Date: 1-Jan-2013
Publisher: Medicina Oral SL
Abstract: Objectives: To study the dental status and treatment needs of institutionalized older adults with chronic mental illness compared to a non-psychiatric control sample. Study Design: The sample size was 100, in which 50 were psychogeriatric patients (study group; SG) classified according to DSM-IV, with a mean age of 69.6 ± 6.7 years, and 50 non-psychiatric patients (control group; CG), with a mean age of 68.3 ± 6.9 years. Clinical oral health examinations were conducted and caries were recorded clinically using the Decayed, Missing and Filled Teeth Index (DMFT). Results were analyzed statistically using the Student"s t-test or analysis of variance. Results: Caries prevalence was 58% and 62% in SG and CG, respectively. DMFT index was 28.3 ± 6.6 in SG and 21.4 ± 6.07 in CG (p < 0.01). Mean number of decayed teeth was higher in SG (3.1) compared to CG (1.8) (p=0.047). Mean number of missing teeth were 25.2 and 16.4 in SG and CG respectively (p<0.05). DMFT scores were higher in SG in all the age groups (p < 0.01). Mean number of teeth per person needing treatment was 3.4 in SG and 1.9 in CG (p= 0.037). The need for restorative dental care was significantly lower in the SG (0.8 teeth per person) than in the CG (1.7 teeth per person) (p = 0.043). Conclusions: Institutionalized psychiatric patients have significantly worse dental status and more dental treatment needs than non-psychiatric patients.
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It is part of: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal, 2013, vol. 18, num. 1, p. 71-75
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ISSN: 1698-4447
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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