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Title: Class effect of pharmacotherapy in bipolar disorder: fact or misbelieff?
Author: Fountoulakis, Konstantinos N.
Gonda, Xenia
Vieta i Pascual, Eduard, 1963-
Rihmer, Zoltan
Keywords: Trastorn bipolar
Assaigs clínics
Manic-depressive illness
Antipsychotic drugs
Clinical trials
Issue Date: 24-Mar-2011
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Anecdotal reports suggests that most clinicians treat medications as belonging to a class with regard to all therapeutic indications; this means that the whole 'class' of drugs is considered to possesses a specific therapeutic action. The present article explores the possible existence of a true 'class effect' for agents available for the treatment of bipolar disorder. METHODS: We reviewed the available treatment data from randomized controlled trials (RCTs) and explored 16 'agent class'/'treatment issue' cases for bipolar disorder. Four classes of agents were examined: first-generation antipsychotics (FGAs), second-generation antipsychotics (SGAs), antiepileptics and antidepressants, with respect to their efficacy on four treatment issues of bipolar disorder (BD) (acute mania, acute bipolar depression, maintenance against mania, maintenance against depression). RESULTS: From the 16 'agent class'/' treatment issue' cases, only 3 possible class effects were detected, and they all concerned acute mania and antipsychotics. Four effect cases have not been adequately studied (FGAs against acute bipolar depression and in maintenance protection from depression, and antidepressants against acute mania and protection from mania) and they all concern treatment cases with a high risk of switching to the opposite pole, thus research in these areas is poor. There is no 'class effect' at all concerning antiepileptics. CONCLUSIONS: The available data suggest that a 'class effect' is the exception rather than the rule in the treatment of BD. However, the possible presence of a 'class effect' concept discourages clinicians from continued scientific training and reading. Focused educational intervention might be necessary to change this attitude.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Annals of General Psychiatry, 2011, vol. 10, num. 1, p. 1-9
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ISSN: 1744-859X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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