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Title: Comparative study of two needle models in terms of deflection during inferior alveolar nerve block
Author: Delgado Molina, Esther
Tamarit Borràs, Meritxell
Berini Aytés, Leonardo
Gay Escoda, Cosme
Keywords: Extracció dental
Anestèsia en odontologia
Materials dentals
Nervi trigemin
Teeth extraction
Anesthesia in dentistry
Dental materials
Trigeminal nerve
Issue Date: 1-Sep-2009
Publisher: Medicina Oral SL
Abstract: Objectives: The purpose of this study is to determine the possible differences in deflection between two needles of same length and external gauge but with different internal gauges during truncal block of the inferior alveolar nerve. The initial working hypothesis was that greater deflection may be expected with larger internal gauge needles. Study design: Four clinicians subjected 346 patients to inferior alveolar nerve block and infiltrating anesthesia of the buccal nerve trajectory for the surgical or conventional extraction of the lower third molar. A nonautoaspirating syringe system with 2 types of needle was used: a standard 27-gauge x 35-mm needle with an internal gauge of 0.215 mm or an XL Monoprotect® 27-gauge x 35-mm needle with an internal gauge of 0.265 mm. The following information was systematically recorded for each patient: needle type, gender, anesthetic technique (direct or indirect truncal block) and the number of bone contacts during the procedure, the patient-extraction side, the practitioner performing the technique, and blood aspiration (either positive or negative). Results: 346 needles were used in total. 190 were standard needles (27-gauge x 35-mm needle with an internal gauge of 0.215 mm) and 156 were XL Monoprotect®. Incidence of deflection was observed in 49.1% of cases (170 needles) where 94 were standard needles and 76 XL Monoprotect®. Needle torsion ranged from 0º and 6º. Conclusions: No significant differences were recorded in terms of deflection and internal gauge, operator, patient-extraction side, the anesthetic technique involved and the number of bone contacts during the procedure
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:;
It is part of: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal, 2009, vol. 14, num. 9, p. 440-444
ISSN: 1698-4447
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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