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Title: The impact of clinical maternal chorioamnionitis on neurological and pshicological sequelae in very-low-birthweight infants: a case-control study
Author: Botet Mussons, Francisco
Figueras Aloy, José, 1950-
Carbonell i Estrany, Xavier
Narbona, Eduardo
The Castrillo Study Group
Keywords: Infants prematurs
Neurologia dels nadons
Premature infants
Neonatal neurology
Issue Date: 7-Feb-2011
Publisher: Walter de Gruyter
Abstract: Aims: To assess the relationship between clinically maternal chorioamnionitis and outcome in preterm very-low-birth weight (VLBW) infants. Methods: An observational case-control study was conducted in the neonatology departments of 12 acute care teaching hospitals in Spain. Between January 2004 and December 2006, all consecutive VLBW (F1500 g) infants who were born to a mother with clinical chorioamnionitis were enrolled. The controls included infants who were born to mothers without chorioamnionitis, matched by gestational age, and immediately born after each index case. At a corrected age of 24 months, a neurological examination and a psychological assessment of the surviving children were performed.Results: Sixty-six of the newborn infants died; therefore, 262 infants from the original sample were available for the study. Follow-up data were obtained at a corrected age of 24 months from a total of 209 children (106 cases and 103 controls, 80% of the original sample size). Seventy children (33.5%) were diagnosed with some type of sequelae. The following conditions were all more prevalent in infants born to mothers with chorioamnionitis in comparison to controls: low development quotient (98.3'12.15 vs. 95.9'15.64; Ps0.497), cerebral palsy (4.9% vs. 10.4%; Ps0.138), seizures (1.0% vs. 3.8%; Ps0.369), and other neurological or sensorial sequelae (32.0% vs. 34.9%; Ps0.611). Conclusions: After controlling for gestational age, the study population demonstrated that the neurological outcomes in infants at a corrected age of 24 months was not worsened by chorioamnionitis.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Perinatal Medicine, 2011, vol. 39, num. 2, p. 203-208
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ISSN: 0300-5577
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)

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