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Title: Large gypsum nodules in the Paleogene and Neogene evaporites of Spain: distribution and palaeogeographic significance
Author: Ortí Cabo, Federico
Rosell, Laura (Rosell i Ortiz)
Playà i Pous, Elisabet
García-Veigas, Francisco Javier
Keywords: Evaporites
Sedimentation and deposition
Issue Date: 2010
Publisher: Polish Geological Institute-National Research Institute
Abstract: Sabkha and deep burial set tings are the most com mon sites where diagenetic anhydrite forms. In a sabkha setting, displacive facies (iso lated nodules, bed ded nodules, enterolithic levels) of early diagenetic or primary anhydrite are generated (Shearman, 1966; Hardie, 1967). These anhydrite facies are commonly foundat the top of shoal ing cycles representing the evolution from subaqueous depositional conditions at the base (carbonates, lutites) to exposure conditions at the top where in ter stitially-grown gypsum/anhydrite de velops ( sabkha cy cles). In a deep burial setting, gypsum transforms to tally to anhydrite with in creas ing temperature and lithostatic pressure (Murray, 1964). Al though this mineral transformation usually preserves the depositional gypsum facies, a significant textural change is in volved in other cases, resulting in replacive anhydrite with a nodular-mosaic or"chicken-wire" fabric (Warren, 2006). In the two settings, how ever, the size of the individual anhydrite nodules is relatively small, rarely reaching some tens of centimetres across. More over, bedding is preserved or little disturbed, al though minor de formation is caused by the displacive sabkha nodules.
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It is part of: Geological Quarterly, 2010, vol. 54, num. 4, p. 411-422
ISSN: 1641-7291
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Mineralogia, Petrologia i Geologia Aplicada)

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