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Title: Dental implications in oral cancer patients
Author: Escoda Francolí, Jaume
Rodríguez Rodríguez, Araceli
Pérez-García, Sílvia
Gargallo Albiol, Jordi
Gay Escoda, Cosme
Keywords: Càncer
Malalties de la boca
Patologia dental
Mouth diseases
Dental pathology
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2011
Publisher: Medicina Oral SL
Abstract: Objectives. A study is made of the dental implications of oral cancer, with a view to avoiding the complications that appear once oncological treatment is started. Patients and Methods. The study comprised a total of 22 patients diagnosed with oral cancer according to clinical and histological criteria in the Service of Maxillofacial Surgery (Dental Clinic of the University of Barcelona, Spain) during the period 1996-2005, and posteriorly treated in different hospital centers in Barcelona. Results. Of the 22 patients diagnosed with oral cancer in our Service, the present study finally analyzed the 12 subjects who reported for the dental controls. As regards the remaining 10 patients, 5 had died and 5 could not be located; these subjects were thus excluded from the analysis. All of the smokers had abandoned the habit. The most common tumor location was the lateral margin of the tongue. None of the patients visited the dentist regularly before the diagnosis of oral cancer. T1N0M0 was the most common tumor stage. Surgery was carried out in 50% of the cases, while 8.4% of the patients received radiotherapy and 41.6% underwent surgery with postoperative radiotherapy. In turn, 66.6% of the patients reported treatment sequelae such as dysgeusia, xerostomia or speech difficulties, and one patient suffered osteoradionecrosis. Forty-one percent of the patients did not undergo regular dental controls after cancer treatment. As regards oral and dental health, 16.6% presented caries, and 50% had active periodontal disease. Conclusions. Protocols are available for preventing the complications of oral cancer treatment, and thus for improving patient quality of life. However, important shortcomings in the application of such protocols on the part of the public health authorities make it difficult to reach these objectives
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It is part of: Medicina Oral, Patología Oral y Cirugia Bucal, 2011, vol. 16, num. 4, p. 508-513
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ISSN: 1698-4447
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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