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Title: Minimal requirements for parameters to be used for the development of predictive models for microbial source tracking. The example of the pair somatic coliphages and phages infecting Bacteroides
Author: Blanch i Gisbert, Anicet
Lucena Gutiérrez, Francisco
Payán González, Andrey.
Jofre i Torroella, Joan
Keywords: Microbiologia aquàtica
Indicadors biològics
Contaminació de l'aigua
Aigües residuals
Water microbiology
Indicators (Biology)
Water pollution
Issue Date: 2008
Publisher: Susan Allender-Hagedorn
Abstract: Several methods and approaches for measuring parameters to determine fecal sources of pollution in water have been developed in recent years. No single microbial or chemical parameter has proved sufficient to determine the source of fecal pollution. Combinations of parameters involving at least one discriminating indicator and one universal fecal indicator offer the most promising solutions for qualitative and quantitative analyses. The universal (nondiscriminating) fecal indicator provides quantitative information regarding the fecal load. The discriminating indicator contributes to the identification of a specific source. The relative values of the parameters derived from both kinds of indicators could provide information regarding the contribution to the total fecal load from each origin. It is also essential that both parameters characteristically persist in the environment for similar periods. Numerical analysis, such as inductive learning methods, could be used to select the most suitable and the lowest number of parameters to develop predictive models. These combinations of parameters provide information on factors affecting the models, such as dilution, specific types of animal source, persistence of microbial tracers, and complex mixtures from different sources. The combined use of the enumeration of somatic coliphages and the enumeration of Bacteroides-phages using different host specific strains (one from humans and another from pigs), both selected using the suggested approach, provides a feasible model for quantitative and qualitative analyses of fecal source identification.
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It is part of: Journal of Environmental Detection, 2008, vol. 1, num. 1, p. 2-21
ISSN: 1941-8604
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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