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Title: Diagnosis of tuberculosis infection using interferon-γ-based assays
Author: Santín Cerezales, Miguel
Domínguez Benítez, José
Keywords: Tuberculosi
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Elsevier
Abstract: Interferon-γ-based assays, collectively known as IFN-γ release assays (IGRAs), have emerged as a reliable alternative to the old tuberculin skin test (TST) for the immunodiagnosis of tuberculosis (TB) infection. The 2 commercially available tests, the enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA), QuantiFERON-TB Gold Intube (QFT-IT), and the enzyme-linked immunospot assay (ELISPOT), T-SPOT.TB, are more accurate than TST for the diagnosis of TB, since they are highly specific and correlate better with the existence of risk factors for the infection. According to the available data, T-SPOT.TB obtains a higher number of positive results than QFT-IT, while its specificity seems to be lower. Although the sensitivity of the IFN-γ -based assays may be impaired to some extent by cellular immunosuppression and extreme ages of life, they perform better than TST in these situations. Data from longitudinal studies suggest that IFN-γ-based tests are better predictors of subsequent development of active TB than TST; however this prognostic value has not been consistently demonstrated. This review focuses on the clinical use of the IFN-γ -based tests in different risk TB groups, and notes the main limitations and areas for future development.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Enfermedades Infecciosas y Microbiologia Clinica, 2011, vol. 29, num. Supl 1, p. 26-33
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ISSN: 0213-005X
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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