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Title: Gaia photometry for white dwarfs
Author: Carrasco Martínez, José Manuel
Catalán, S.
Jordi i Nebot, Carme
Tremblay, P.-E.
Napiwotzki, R.
Luri Carrascoso, Xavier
Robin, A. C.
Kowalski, P. M.
Keywords: Evolució estel·lar
Fotometria astronòmica
Estels nans
Stellar evolution
Astronomical photometry
Dwarf stars
Issue Date: 17-May-2014
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Context. White dwarfs can be used to study the structure and evolution of the Galaxy by analysing their luminosity function and initial mass function. Among them, the very cool white dwarfs provide the information for the early ages of each population. Because white dwarfs are intrinsically faint only the nearby (~ 20 pc) sample is reasonably complete. The Gaia space mission will drastically increase the sample of known white dwarfs through its 5-6 years survey of the whole sky up to magnitude V = 20-25. Aims. We provide a characterisation of Gaia photometry for white dwarfs to better prepare for the analysis of the scientific output of the mission. Transformations between some of the most common photometric systems and Gaia passbands are derived. We also give estimates of the number of white dwarfs of the different galactic populations that will be observed. Methods. Using synthetic spectral energy distributions and the most recent Gaia transmission curves, we computed colours of three different types of white dwarfs (pure hydrogen, pure helium, and mixed composition with H/He = 0.1). With these colours we derived transformations to other common photometric systems (Johnson-Cousins, Sloan Digital Sky Survey, and 2MASS). We also present numbers of white dwarfs predicted to be observed by Gaia. Results. We provide relationships and colour-colour diagrams among different photometric systems to allow the prediction and/or study of the Gaia white dwarf colours. We also include estimates of the number of sources expected in every galactic population and with a maximum parallax error. Gaia will increase the sample of known white dwarfs tenfold to about 200 000. Gaia will be able to observe thousands of very cool white dwarfs for the first time, which will greatly improve our understanding of these stars and early phases of star formation in our Galaxy.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Astronomy and Astrophysics, 2014, vol. 565, num. A11, p. 1-16
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ISSN: 0004-6361
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Física Quàntica i Astrofísica)

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