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Title: egr-4, a target of EGFR signaling, is required for the formation of the brian primordial and head regeneration in planarians
Author: Fraguas, Susanna
Barberán, Sara
Iglesias, Marta
Rodríguez Esteban, Gustavo
Cebrià Sánchez, Francesc
Keywords: Planària (Gènere)
Regeneració (Biologia)
Genètica molecular
Planaria (Genus)
Regeneration (Biology)
Molecular genetics
Issue Date: 1-May-2014
Publisher: The Company of Biologists
Abstract: During the regeneration of freshwater planarians, polarity and patterning programs play essential roles in determining whether a head or a tail regenerates at anterior or posterior-facing wounds. This decision is made very soon after amputation. The pivotal role of the Wnt/β-catenin and Hh signaling pathways in re-establishing anterior-posterior (AP) polarity has been well documented. However, the mechanisms that control the growth and differentiation of the blastema in accordance with its AP identity are less well understood. Previous studies have described a role of Smed-egfr-3, a planarian epidermal growth factor receptor, in blastema growth and differentiation. Here, we identify Smed-egr-4, a zinc-finger transcription factor belonging to the early growth response gene family, as a putative downstream target of Smed-egfr-3. Smed-egr-4 is mainly expressed in the central nervous system and its silencing inhibits anterior regeneration without affecting the regeneration of posterior regions. Single and combinatorial RNA interference to target different elements of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway, together with expression analysis of brain- and anterior-specific markers, revealed that Smed-egr-4: (1) is expressed in two phases - an early Smed-egfr-3-independent phase and a late Smed-egfr-3-dependent phase; (2) is necessary for the differentiation of the brain primordia in the early stages of regeneration; and (3) that it appears to antagonize the activity of the Wnt/β-catenin pathway to allow head regeneration. These results suggest that a conserved EGFR/egr pathway plays an important role in cell differentiation during planarian regeneration and indicate an association between early brain differentiation and the proper progression of head regeneration.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Development, 2014, vol. 141, num. 9, p. 1835-1847
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ISSN: 0950-1991
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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