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Title: Age-Related Tooth Wear Differs between Forest and Savanna Primates
Author: Galbany i Casals, Jordi
Romero, A.
Mayo-Alesón, M.
Itsoma, F.
Gamarra Rubio, Beatriz
Martínez Pérez-Pérez, Alejandro
Willaume, E.
Kappeler, P.M.
Charpentier, M.J.E.
Keywords: Dents
Antropologia dental
Dental anthropology
Issue Date: 14-Apr-2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Tooth wear in primates is caused by aging and ecological factors. However, comparative data that would allow us to delineate the contribution of each of these factors are lacking. Here, we contrast age-dependent molar tooth wear by scoring percent of dentine exposure (PDE) in two wild African primate populations from Gabonese forest and Kenyan savanna habitats. We found that forest-dwelling mandrills exhibited significantly higher PDE with age than savanna yellow baboons. Mandrills mainly feed on large tough food items, such as hard-shell fruits, and inhabit an ecosystem with a high presence of mineral quartz. By contrast, baboons consume large amounts of exogenous grit that adheres to underground storage organs but the proportion of quartz in the soils where baboons live is low. Our results support the hypothesis that not only age but also physical food properties and soil composition, particularly quartz richness, are factors that significantly impact tooth wear. We further propose that the accelerated dental wear in mandrills resulting in flatter molars with old age may represent an adaptation to process hard food items present in their environment.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2014, vol. 9, num. 4, p. e94938
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Biologia Evolutiva, Ecologia i Ciències Ambientals)

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