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Title: Potential impact of environmental bacteriophages in spreading antibiotic resistance genes
Author: Muniesa Pérez, Ma Teresa
Colomer Lluch, Marta
Jofre i Torroella, Joan
Keywords: Microbiologia
Issue Date: 1-Jun-2013
Publisher: Future Medicine
Abstract: The idea that bacteriophage transduction plays a role in the horizontal transfer of antibiotic resistance genes is gaining momentum. Such transduction might be vital in horizontal transfer from environmental to human body-associated biomes and here we review many lines of evidence supporting this notion. It is well accepted that bacteriophages are the most abundant entities in most environments, where they have been shown to be quite persistent. This fact, together with the ability of many phages to infect bacteria belonging to different taxa, makes them suitable vehicles for gene transfer. Metagenomic studies confirm that substantial percentages of the bacteriophage particles present in most environments contain bacterial genes, including mobile genetic elements and antibiotic resistance genes. When specific genes of resistance to antibiotics are detected by real-time PCR in the bacteriophage populations of different environments, only tenfold lower numbers of these genes are observed, compared with those found in the corresponding bacterial populations. In addition, the antibiotic resistance genes from these bacteriophages are functional and generate resistance to the bacteria when these genes are transfected. Finally, reports about the transduction of antibiotic resistance genes are on the increase.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Future Microbiology, 2013, vol. 8, p. 739-751
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ISSN: 1746-0913
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Genètica, Microbiologia i Estadística)

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