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Title: Mouthrinses: a comparative microbiological study
Author: Gautier, G.
Noguer Castellvi, Miguel
Costa, N.
Canela i Soler, Jaume
Viñas, Miquel
Keywords: Antisèptics
Higiene bucal
Agents antiinfecciosos
Oral hygiene
Anti-infective agents
Issue Date: Jan-2000
Publisher: Groupement International pour la Recherche Scientifique en Stomatologie et Odontologie
Abstract: This study was performed in order to evaluate the efficacy of different mouthrinses whose use is extended in Spain. Six different antiseptic mouthrinses were studied by means of determination of Minimal Inhibitory Concentration (MIC) values against Klebsiella pneumoniae, Serratia marcescens, Escherichia coli, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Staphylococcus aureus, Salmonella typhimurium, Bacillus subtilis, Streptococcus mutans, Prevotella intermedia, Porphyromonas gingivalis and Actinobacillus actinomycetemcomitans. Also in vivo experiments were carried out in volunteers by the use of mouthrinses and evaluation of bacterial populations before and after the treatment. Finally, the kinetics of bacterial death was determined. Results suggested that the determination of MIC values is not a reliable method to evaluate the antibacterial effect of such products. On the other hand those rinsing solutions based on the effect of oxygen, such as those containing carbamide peroxide have a greater efficacy against anaerobic bacteria compared with rinses whose active molecule is a disinfectant. Finally, the kinetics of bacterial death demonstrates that the essential oil rinse kills bacteria much faster. All tested mouthrinses were active as antibacterial although those based on oxygen production or essential oils were more active than solutions based on chlorhexidine and Triclosan
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Bulletin du GIRSO, 2000, vol. 42, num. 1, p. 23-29
ISSN: 0250-4693
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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