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Title: A mechanism of carbapenem resistance due to a new insertion element (ISPa133) in Pseudomonas aeruginosa
Author: Ruiz Martínez, Lidia
López Jiménez, Lídia
D'Ostuni, Valeria
Fusté i Domínguez, Ester
Vinuesa Aumedes, Teresa
Viñas, Miquel
Keywords: Expressió gènica
Agents antiinfecciosos
Resistència als medicaments
Antibiòtics betalactàmics
Gene expression
Anti-infective agents
Drug resistance
Beta lactam antibiotics
Issue Date: Mar-2011
Publisher: Spanish Society for Microbiology (SEM) and Viguera Editores SL
Abstract: This study explored the evolutionary mechanism by which the clinical isolate PA110514 yields the imipenemresistant derivative PA116136. Both isolates were examined by PFGE and SDS-PAGE, which led to the identification of a new insertion sequence, ISPa133. This element was shown to have distinct chromosomal locations in each of the original isolates that appeared to explain the differences in imipenem susceptibilty. In strain PA110514, ISPa133 is located 56 nucleotides upstream of the translational start codon, which has no effect on expression of the porin OprD. However, in strain PA116136 ISPa133 it is located in front of nucleotide 696 and, by interrupting the coding region, causes a loss of OprD expression, thus conferring imipenem resistance. In vitro experiments mimicking the natural conditions of selective pressure yielded imipenem-resistant strains in which ISPa133 similarly interrupted oprD. A mechanism is proposed whereby ISPa133 acts as a mobile switch, with its position in oprD depending on the degree of selective pressure exerted by imipenem
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It is part of: International Microbiology, 2011, vol. 14, num. 1, p. 51-58
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ISSN: 1139-6709
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)

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