Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/57827
Title: A gravity model of migration between ENC and EU
Author: Ramos Lobo, Raúl
Suriñach Caralt, Jordi
Keywords: Envelliment de la població
Política d'ocupació
Mobilitat laboral
Política d'emigració i immigració
Països de la Unió Europea
Population aging
Manpower policy
Occupational mobility
Emigration and immigration policy
European Union countries
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
Abstract: Due to ageing population and low birth rates, the European Union (EU) will need to import foreign labour in the next decades. In this context, the EU neighbouring countries (ENC) are the main countries of origin and transit of legal and illegal migration towards Europe. Their economic, cultural and historical links also make them an important potential source of labour force. The objective of this paper is to analyse past and future trends in ENC-EU bilateral migration relationships. With this aim, two different empirical analyses are carried out. First, we specify and estimate a gravity model for nearly 200 countries between 1960 and 2010; and, second, we focus on within EU-27 migration flows before and after the enlargement of the EU. Our results show a clear increase in migratory pressures from ENC to the EU in the near future, but South-South migration will also become more relevant.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://www.ub.edu/irea/working_papers/2013/201317.pdf
It is part of: IREA – Working Papers, 2013, IR13/017
AQR – Working Papers, 2013, AQR13/09
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/57827
ISSN: 2014-1254
Appears in Collections:Documents de treball (Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública (IREA))
AQR (Grup d’Anàlisi Quantitativa Regional) – Working Papers
Documents de treball / Informes (Econometria, Estadística i Economia Aplicada)

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