Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/58024
Title: Methodologies for the analysis of veterinary drugs and growth promoters in the scope of food safety control
Author: Praveen Kumar, K.
Director: Companyó Beltrán, Ramón
Keywords: Promotors de creixement
Growth promoters
Seguretat alimentària
Medicaments veterinaris
Espectrometria de masses
Food security
Veterinary drugs
Mass spectrometry
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2014
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona
Abstract: [spa] Los medicamentos veterinarios y promotores del crecimiento forman parte de los muchos peligros químicos que se pueden encontrar en la cadena alimentaria moderna. Estos pueden representar un riesgo para la salud humana puesto que están relacionados con la aparición de la resistencia a los antimicrobianos. La presencia de estos residuos de medicamentos ha aumentado debido a las prácticas de agricultura intensiva y es un tema de preocupación global. Las autoridades de seguridad alimentaria establecen programas de control mediante la evaluación científica del riesgo de cada medicamento, y también establecen los niveles máximos de cada medicamento en diversas matrices. Los laboratorios de ensayo y métodos analíticos para analizar muestras de alimentos y piensos forman el núcleo de este tipo de programas y proporcionan evidencias a las autoridades reguladoras en su toma de decisiones. En el campo de análisis de residuos, existe una necesidad de mejorar los métodos de análisis para que puedan proporcionar una alta selectividad, alto rendimiento, elevada robustez y razonable asequibilidad. En ese sentido, el objetivo principal de esta tesis fue el desarrollo de metodologías analíticas para varias familias de fármacos de uso veterinario y promotores del crecimiento en piensos, alimentos y muestras biológicas de los animales que producen alimentos. Los primeros tres capítulos son la introducción de esta tesis. El Capítulo 4 presenta un método desarrollado y validado para el análisis de ocho sulfonamidas en seis tipos de piensos mediante cromatografía de líquidos (LC) y detección ultravioleta. El Capítulo 5 presenta los resultados de un estudio sistemático de diferentes fases estacionarias de cromatografía de interacción hidrófila (HILIC) para el análisis de aminoglucósidos y también reporta dos métodos analíticos basados en espectrometría de masas en tándem acoplada a HILIC para el análisis de diez aminoglucósidos en muestras de riñón de animales y miel. Un estudio sistemático para explorar distintos modos de adquisición en un instrumento de espectrometría de masas de alta resolución (HRMS, Q-Orbitrap) acoplada a cromatografía líquida y un método para analizar nueve hormonas en orina se detalla en el capítulo 6. Un método mejorado para analizar los aminoglucósidos basado en HRMS fue desarrollado y se presenta en el Capítulo 5.4. Un estudio de un caso práctico sobre la resolución de un resultado falso positivo en análisis de ronidazol en carne se presenta en el Capítulo 7. Se ha desarrollado un workflow de análisis non targeted utilizando diversas herramientas de minería de datos y de análisis, que se ha aplicado a una muestra de sedimento y presentado en el capítulo 8.
[eng] Veterinary drugs and growth promoters are a part of many chemical hazards that can be found in the modern food chain, and they pose risks to human health such as antimicrobial resistance. The presence of these drug residues increased with intensive farming practices and is an issue of global concern. Food safety authorities around the world establish control programs by scientifically assessing the risk for each drug and set maximum levels for each drug in various matrices. The testing laboratories and analytical methods to test samples from food and feed chain form the core of such programs and provide evidence for regulatory authorities to take decisions. In the drug residue testing, there is a need for improved methods of testing that can provide high selectivity, high throughput, robustness and affordability. In that sense, one main goal of this thesis was to develop analytical methodologies for various families of veterinary drugs and growth promoters in feed, food and biological samples from food producing animals. First three chapters form the introduction of this thesis. Chapter 1 provides an overview on food safety hazards, food safety authorities, legislations for control of veterinary drugs and growth promoters and the role of analytical laboratories in the control program. Chapter 2 covers sample preparation techniques and the typically used chromatographic (LC) and detection (MS) techniques for drug residue testing. Chapter 3 reviews various applications in literature and focus on trends in developing analytical methodologies for food safety testing which move in the direction of comprehensive analysis of samples owing to very high number of contaminants and increasing number of unknown contaminants. Chapter 4 presents a method developed and validated for analyzing eight sulphonamides in six types of feed based on liquid chromatography (LC) and ultraviolet detection. Chapter 5 presents the results from a systematic study of various hydrophilic interaction chromatography (HILIC) stationary phases for analysis of aminoglycosides and also reports two analytical methods based on HILIC- tandem mass spectrometry (MS/MS) for analysis of ten aminoglycosides in honey and animal kidney samples. This work was carried out in collaboration with laboratory of Agencia Salut Publica de Barcelona (ASPB) and the methods were validated according to Decision 2002/657/EC and implemented for routine analysis of samples in accordance with the requirements of ISO 17025: 2005. The laboratory of ASPB acquired an LC- high resolution mass spectrometry (HRMS) instrument and in order to incorporate the instrument for routine targeted analysis, an exploration of various parameters of the equipment was necessary. In that sense, a systematic study to explore various modes of acquisition has been conducted and a method to analyze nine hormones in urine has been transferred to HRMS and is reported in Chapter 6. Gaining understanding about the functioning of the instrument, an improved method to analyze aminoglycosides based on HRMS was developed and reported in Chapter 5.4. Moreover, the LC- HRMS instrument with quadrupole-orbitrap hybrid analyzer has been incorporated in the laboratory for resolving ambiguous test results. A case study of resolving a false positive result from the analysis of ronidazole in meat was presented in Chapter 7. This case study highlights the pitfalls with low resolution mass spectrometry and existing confirmation criteria for identification with mass spectrometric detection. The HRMS in food safety testing for comprehensive analysis of samples, a non targeted screening workflow using various HRMS data mining and analysis tools have been developed and presented in Chapter 8. At the end of this thesis, conclusions and outlook are presented followed by a list of bibliographic literature.
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/58024
Appears in Collections:Tesis Doctorals - Departament - Química Analítica

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