Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/58465
Title: Reactive Recruitment of Attentional Control in Math Anxiety: An ERP Study of Numeric Conflict Monitoring and Adaptation
Author: Suárez-Pellicioni
Núñez Peña, María Isabel
Colomé, Àngels
Keywords: Ansietat
Psicometria
Matemàtica
Ensenyament de la matemàtica
Anxiety
Psychometrics
Mathematics
Mathematics education
Issue Date: 11-Jun-2014
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: This study uses event-related brain potentials (ERPs) to investigate the electrophysiological correlates of numeric conflict monitoring in math-anxious individuals, by analyzing whether math anxiety is related to abnormal processing in early conflict detection (as shown by the N450 component) and/or in a later, response-related stage of processing (as shown by the conflict sustained potential; Conflict-SP). Conflict adaptation effects were also studied by analyzing the effect of the previous trial"s congruence in current interference. To this end, 17 low math-anxious (LMA)and 17 high math-anxious (HMA) individuals were presented with a numerical Stroop task. Groups were extreme in math anxiety but did not differ in trait or state anxiety or in simple math ability. The interference effect of the current trial (incongruent-congruent) and the interference effect preceded by congruence and by incongruity were analyzed both for behavioral measures and for ERPs. A greater interference effect was found for response times in the HMA group than in the LMA one. Regarding ERPs, the LMA group showed a greater N450 component for the interference effect preceded by congruence than when preceded by incongruity, while the HMA group showed greater Conflict-SP amplitude for the interference effect preceded by congruence than when preceded by incongruity. Our study showed that the electrophysiological correlates of numeric interference in HMA individuals comprise the absence of a conflict adaptation effect in the first stage of conflict processing (N450) and an abnormal subsequent up-regulation of cognitive control in order to overcome the conflict (Conflict-SP). More concretely, our study shows that math anxiety is related to a reactive and compensatory recruitment of control resources that is implemented only when previously exposed to a stimuli presenting conflicting information
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099579; http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0099579
It is part of: PLoS One, 2014, vol. 9, num. 6, p. e99579
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/58465
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Social i Psicologia Quantitativa)

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