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Title: Accessing forgotten memory traces from long-term memory via visual movements
Author: Càmara, Estela
Fuentemilla Garriga, Lluís
Keywords: Memòria
Moviments oculars
Eye movements
Issue Date: 2014
Publisher: Frontiers Media
Abstract: Because memory retrieval often requires overt responses, it is difficult to determine to what extend forgetting occurs as a problem in explicit accessing of long-term memory traces. In this study, we used eye-tracking measures in combination with a behavioural task that favoured high forgetting rates to investigate the existence of memory traces from long-term memory in spite of failure in accessing them consciously. In 2 experiments, participants were encouraged to encode a large set of sound-picture56 location associations. In a later test, sounds were presented and participants were instructed to visually scan, before a verbal memory report, for the correct location of the associated pictures in an empty screen. We found the reactivation of associated memories by sound cues at test biased oculomotor behaviour towards locations congruent with memory representations, even when participants failed to consciously provide a memory report of it. These findings reveal the emergence of a memory-guided behaviour that can be used to map internal representations of forgotten memories from long-term memory.
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It is part of: Frontiers in Human Neuroscience, 2014, vol. 8, num. 930
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ISSN: 1662-5161
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Cognició, Desenvolupament i Psicologia de l'Educació)

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