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Title: Crassostrea patagonica (d'Orbigny, 1842) shell concentrations from the late Miocene Rio Negro province, NE Patagonia, Argentina
Author: Domènech, Rosa
Farinati, Ester A.
Martinell, Jordi, 1948-
Keywords: Icnologia
Río Negro (Argentina)
Río Negro (Argentina)
Issue Date: Dec-2014
Publisher: Sociedad Española de Paleontología
Abstract: The Río Negro Formation (late Miocene-early Pliocene) mainly consists of continental deposits, but it contains a middle member of marine origin. It represents a transgressive-regressive sequence that can be seen at several outcrops along the N Patagonian coast. The taphonomical approach to the El Espigón marine deposits permits the identification of four main layers containing different kinds of skeletal accumulation, which mainly consist of oyster shells [Crassostrea patagonica (D'Orbigny, 1842)]. These concentrations display three different morphologies (pouches, pavements and bouquets) with a different taphonomic signature. These deposits were formed in shallow marine environments influenced by wave activity that produced valve concentrations of different entities. They contain several shell beds that represent event, composite, hiatal to lag skeletal concentrations. Traces of bioturbation in the sediment (Thalassinoides, Teichichnus) and bioerosion on the shells (Entobia, Gastrochaeonolites, Caulostrepsis), and encrusters (cirripeds, bryozoans), are also abundant in the outcrop and consititue common components of these Miocene materials. Layers 1 and 2 of the sequence were deposited in shoreface/foreshore environments at the beginning of a highstand systems tract, while layers 3 and 4 were deposited at the end, or at the beginning of a forced regression, in foreshore environments. A final erosional episode cut the top of the layer 4, which truncated the abundant bioturbaation developed there.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Spanish Journal of Palaeontology, 2014, vol. 29, num. 2, p. 165-182
ISSN: 2255-0550
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Dinàmica de la Terra i l'Oceà)

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