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Title: Graft materials in oral surgery: revision
Author: Roselló Llabrés, Xavier
Roselló Camps, Àlvar
Jané Salas, Enric
Alburquerque, Rui
Velasco Ortega, Eugenio
López López, José, 1958-
Keywords: Cirurgia dental
Materials dentals
Implants dentals
Dental surgery
Dental materials
Dental implants
Issue Date: 13-Feb-2014
Publisher: Omics Publishing Group
Abstract: Oral implantology is a common procedure in dentistry, especially for fully or partially edentulous patients. The implants must be placed in the best location from both the aesthetic and functional point of view. Because of this it is increasingly more frequent to resort to regeneration techniques that use substitutes of the bone itself, in order to be able to insert the implants in the most appropriate location. Material and Methodology: A review was performed on the literature from the last ten years based on the following search limitations: "graft materials', 'allograft', 'xenograft', 'autologous graft" and 'dentistry". Results: 241 works were obtained that after reading their respective summaries, they were reduced to 38, and 9 previous works were included in order to summarize the concepts. Discussion: Autologous grafts are the 'gold standard' of the bone regeneration. They have obvious advantages, but they also have drawbacks. This is why allogeneic and xenogeneic tissues are used. The former because of their clear similarity with the recipient's tissue and the latter due to their wide availability. Given that these grafts also have drawbacks, the industry has developed synthetic materials that have properties similar to those of human bone tissue. However, as of today, the ideal material to substitute human bone has not yet been found. In recent years the tendency has been to combine these synthetic materials with the patient's own bone, which is extracted during drilling in implant placement, with bone marrow aspiration, or with bone morphogenetic proteins. Thus the intention is to equip these substances with the osteogenic capacity. Conclusions: There is currently no ideal graft material, with the exception of those materials that come directly from the patient. We hope that in the coming years we will have products that will allow us to perform rehabilitations with better results and provide a better quality of life for our patients, especially those who have more complex situations to resolve, like the patients that are operated on for head and neck cancer
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Biomimetics, Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering, 2014, vol. 19, num. 1, p. 1-7
ISSN: 1662-1018
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Odontostomatologia)

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