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Title: Pulmonary hemodynamic profile in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease
Author: Portillo, Karina
Torralba, Yolanda
Blanco Vich, Isabel
Burgos, Felip
Rodríguez-Roisin, Robert
Rios, José
Roca Torrent, Josep
Barberà i Mir, Joan Albert
Keywords: Malalties pulmonars obstructives cròniques
Hipertensió pulmonar
Chronic obstructive pulmonary diseases
Pulmonary hypertension
Issue Date: 14-Jul-2015
Publisher: Dove Medical Press
Abstract: Introduction: Few data are available in regards to the prevalence of pulmonary hypertension (PH) in the broad spectrum of COPD. This study was aimed at assessing the prevalence of PH in a cohort of COPD patients across the severity of airflow limitation, and reporting the hemodynamic characteristics at rest and during exercise. Methods: We performed a retrospective analysis on COPD patients who underwent right-heart catheterization in our center with measurements obtained at rest (n=139) and during exercise (n=85). PH was defined as mean pulmonary artery pressure (mPAP) >/25 mmHg and pulmonary capillary wedge pressure <15 mmHg. Exercise-induced PH (EIPH) was defined by a ratio of ΔmPAP/Δcardiac output >3. Results: PH was present in 25 patients (18%). According to the Global Initiative for Chronic Obstructive Lung Disease (GOLD) classification, PH prevalence in GOLD 2 was 7% (3 patients); 25% (14 patients) in GOLD 3; and 22% (8 patients) in GOLD 4. Severe PH (mPAP >/35 mmHg) was identified in four patients (2.8%). Arterial partial oxygen pressure was the outcome most strongly associated with PH (r=-0.29, P<0.001). EIPH was observed in 60 patients (71%)and had a similar prevalence in both GOLD 2 and 3, and was present in all GOLD 4 patients. Patients with PH had lower cardiac index during exercise than patients without PH (5.0±1.2 versus 6.7±1.4 L/min/m2 ,respectively; P=0.001). Conclusion: PH has a similar prevalence in COPD patients with severe and very-severe airflow limitation, being associated with the presence of arterial hypoxemia. In contrast, EIPH is highly prevalent, even in moderate COPD, and might contribute to limiting exercise tolerance.
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It is part of: International Journal of Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease, 2015, vol. 10, p. 1313-1320
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ISSN: 1176-9106
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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