Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: When one door closes: the impact of the hagwon curfew on the consumption of private tutoring in the Republic of Korea
Author: Choi, Hoon
Choi Mendizábal, Álvaro B. (Álvaro Borja)
Keywords: Tutoria (Ensenyament)
Política educativa
Tutoring (Teaching)
Educational policy
Issue Date: 2015
Publisher: Universitat de Barcelona. Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública
Series/Report no: [WP E-AQR15/12]
[WP E-IR15/26]
Abstract: The Korean government has struggled against the proliferation of private tutoring for more than four decades. In 2006, state education authorities imposed a restriction on operating hours of hagwon (private tutoring academies or cram schools) in an attempt at reducing the economic and time resources spent on private tutoring. Since then, some provincial authorities have modified the curfew on hagwon. We take advantage of these policy shifts to identify average treatment effects taking a difference-in-differences approach. Our findings suggest that enforcing the curfew did not generate a significant reduction in the hours and resources spent on private tutoring, our results being heterogeneous by school level and socioeconomic status. Demand for private tutoring seems to be especially inelastic for high school students, who increased their consumption of alternative forms of private tutoring. As the consumption of private tutoring is positively correlated with academic performance and socioeconomic status, the curfew may have a negative effect on the equality of educational opportunities.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: IREA – Working Papers, 2015, IR15/26
AQR – Working Papers, 2015, AQR15/12
ISSN: 2014-1254
Appears in Collections:Documents de treball (Institut de Recerca en Economia Aplicada Regional i Pública (IREA))
AQR (Grup d’Anàlisi Quantitativa Regional) – Working Papers

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
IR15-026_ChoiChoi-WhenOneDoorCloses.pdf869.52 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons