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Title: Sleeping arrangements and mass distribution of bed nets in six districts in central and northern Mozambique
Author: Plucinski, Mateusz M.
Chicuecue, S.
Macete, Eusébio
Chambe, G. A.
Muguande, O.
Matsinhe, Graça
Colborn, J.
Yoon, S. S.
Doyle, Tracy J.
Kachur, S. P.
Aide, Pedro Carlos Paulino
Alonso, Pedro
Guinovart, Caterina
Morgan, J.
Keywords: Malària
Medicina preventiva
Preventive medicine
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Ltd.
Abstract: OBJECTIVE: Universal coverage with insecticide-treated bed nets is a cornerstone of modern malaria control. Mozambique has developed a novel bed net allocation strategy, where the number of bed nets allocated per household is calculated on the basis of household composition and assumptions about who sleeps with whom. We set out to evaluate the performance of the novel allocation strategy. METHODS: 1,994 households were visited during household surveys following two universal coverage bed net distribution campaigns in Sofala and Nampula Provinces in 2010-2013. Each sleeping space was observed for the presence of a bed net, and the sleeping patterns for each household were recorded. The observed coverage and efficiency were compared to a simulated coverage and efficiency had conventional allocation strategies been used. A composite indicator, the product of coverage and efficiency, was calculated. Observed sleeping patterns were compared with the sleeping pattern assumptions. RESULTS: In households reached by the campaign, 93% (95% CI: 93-94%) of sleeping spaces in Sofala and 84% (82-86%) in Nampula were covered by campaign bed nets. The achieved efficiency was high, with 92% (91-93%) of distributed bed nets in Sofala and 93% (91-95%) in Nampula covering a sleeping space. Using the composite indicator, the novel allocation strategy outperformed all conventional strategies in Sofala and was tied for best in Nampula. The sleeping pattern assumptions were completely satisfied in 66% of households in Sofala and 56% of households in Nampula. The most common violation of the sleeping pattern assumptions was that male children 3-10 years of age tended not to share sleeping spaces with female children 3-10 or 10-16 years of age. CONCLUSIONS: The sleeping pattern assumptions underlying the novel bed net allocation strategy are generally valid, and net allocation using these assumptions can achieve high coverage and compare favorably with conventional allocation strategies. This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Tropical Medicine & International Health, 2015, vol. 20, num. 12, p. 1685-1695
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ISSN: 1360-2276
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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