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Title: Malaria in Pregnancy Is a Predictor of Infant Haemoglobin Concentrations during the First Year of Life in Benin, West Africa
Author: Accrombessi, Manfred
Ouédraogo, Smaila
Agbota, Gino Cédri
González, Raquel
Massougbodji, Achille
Menéndez, Clara
Cot, Michel
Keywords: Malària
Infants nadons
Àfrica subsahariana
Newborn infants
Sub-Saharan Africa
Issue Date: 8-Jun-2015
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: BACKGROUND: Anaemia is an increasingly recognized health problem in Africa, particularly in infants and pregnant women. Although malaria is known to be the main risk factor of anaemia in both groups, the consequences of maternal factors, particularly malaria in pregnancy (MiP), on infant haemoglobin (Hb) concentrations during the first months of life are still unclear. METHODS: We followed-up a cohort of 1005 Beninese pregnant women from the beginning of pregnancy until delivery. A subsample composed of the first 400 offspring of these women were selected at birth and followed until the first year of life. Placental histology and blood smear at 1st clinical antenatal visit (ANC), 2nd ANC and delivery were used to assess malaria during pregnancy. Infant Hb concentrations were measured at birth, 6, 9 and 12 months of age. A mixed multi-level model was used to assess the association between MiP and infant Hb variations during the first 12 months of life. RESULTS: Placental malaria (difference mean [dm] = - 2.8 g/L, 95% CI [-5.3, -0.3], P = 0.03) and maternal peripheral parasitaemia at delivery (dm = - 4.6 g/L, 95% CI [-7.9, -1.3], P = 0.007) were the main maternal factors significantly associated with infant Hb concentrations during the first year of life. Poor maternal nutritional status and malaria infection during infancy were also significantly associated with a decrease in infant Hb. CONCLUSION: Antimalarial control and nutritional interventions before and during pregnancy should be reinforced to reduce specifically the incidence of infant anaemia, particularly in Sub-Saharan countries.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2015, vol. 10, num. 6, p. e0129510
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)

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