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Title: Gambling disorder and substance use disorders: effect of early age and personality
Other Titles: Jeu pathologique et troubles liés à l’utilisation de substances : effets de l’incidence à un jeune âge et de la personnalité
Author: Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Granero, Roser
Tárrega, Salomé
Sauvaget, Anne
Grall-Bronnec, Marie
Álvarez-Moya, Eva M.
Agüera, Zaida
Aymamí, Maria Neus
Gómez-Peña, Mónica
Del Pino Gutiérrez, Amparo
Moragas, Laura
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Fagundo, Ana Beatriz
Sauchelli, Sarah
La Verde, Melania
Aguglia, Eugenio
Signorelli, Maria S.
Fernández Formoso, José Antonio
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Keywords: Jocs d'atzar
Abús de substàncies
Substance abuse
Issue Date: 30-Dec-2015
Publisher: Drogues, santé et société
Abstract: Objectives: To compare substance use, gambling behaviors and personality traits between two different groups of individuals with a gambling disorder (young and adult patients); to explore the contribution of sex, age and personality traits on substance use; and to evaluate the capacity of age and personality traits to predict substance use. Methods: The participants were 428 gambling disorder (GD) patients, divided into two groups based on age [55 young participants (age≤25 years) and 373 middle- to old-aged participants (age>25 years)]. All were consecutively admitted to a Psychiatry Department and diagnosed according to the DSM-IV criteria. In addition, the Diagnostic Questionnaire for Pathological Gambling according to DSM-IV criteria, the South Oaks Gambling Screen (SOGS), the Temperament and Character Inventory-Revised (TCI-R), and other clinical measures were used to examine gambling behaviors, substance use and personality. Results: When the two age groups were compared, statistically significant differences were observed in several sociodemographic variables. Furthermore, the younger GD patients presented higher rates of drug use (p=.010). Regarding the personality traits, differences were found only in the Novelty Seeking (NS) scale, where the younger patients presented elevated scores (p=.006). Higher scores (p=.022) in NS and lower ones (p=.028) in Self-Transcendence (ST) were the personality traits significantly associated with tobacco consumption (p=.003). However, only age was associated with other substance use (p=.003).
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It is part of: Drogues, santé et société, 2015, vol. 14, num. 1, p. 79-110
ISSN: 1703-8839
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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