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Title: SMAD3 rs17228212 gene polymorphism is associated with reduced risk to cerebrovascular accidents and subclinical atherosclerosis in anti-CCP negative Spanish rheumatoid arthritis patients
Author: García-Bermúdez, Mercedes
López-Mejías, Raquel
Genre, Fernanda
Castañeda, Santos
González-Juanatey, Carlos
Llorca Díaz, Javier
Corrales, Alfonso
Miranda-Filloy, José A.
Rueda-Gotor, Javier
Gómez Vaquero, Carmen
Rodríguez-Rodríguez, Luis
Fernández-Gutiérrez, Benjamín
Pascual-Salcedo, Dora
Balsa, Alejandro
López-Longo, Francisco J.
Carreira, Patricia
Blanco, Ricardo
González-Álvaro, Isidoro
Martín, Javier
González-Gay, Miguel A.
Keywords: Malalties cardiovasculars
Artritis reumatoide
Cardiovascular diseases
Rheumatoid arthritis
Issue Date: 21-Oct-2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is a complex polygenic inflammatory disease associated with accelerated atherosclerosis and increased risk of cardiovascular (CV) disease. Previous genome-wide association studies have described SMAD3 rs17228212 polymorphism as an important signal associated with CV events. The aim of the present study was to evaluate for the first time the relationship between this gene polymorphism and the susceptibility to CV manifestations and its potential association with the presence of subclinical atherosclerosis assessed by the evaluation of carotid intima-media thickness (cIMT) in patients with RA. Methods: One thousand eight hundred and ninety-seven patients fulfilling classification criteria for RA were genotyped for SMAD3 rs17228212 gene polymorphism through TaqMan genotyping assay. Also, subclinical atherosclerosis determined by the assessment of cIMT was analyzed in a subgroup of these patients by carotid ultrasonography. Results: No statistically significant differences were observed when allele frequencies of RA patients with or without CV events were compared. Nevertheless, when RA patients were stratified according to anti-cyclic citrullinated peptide (anti-CCP) status, we found that in RA patients who were negative for anti-CCP antibodies, the presence of C allele of SMAD3 rs17228212 polymorphism conferred a protective effect against the risk of cerebrovascular accident (CVA) after adjustment for demographic and classic CV risk factors (HR [95%CI]=0.36 [0.14-0.94], p=0.038) in a Cox regression model. Additionally, correlation between the presence of C allele of SMAD3 rs17228212 polymorphism and lower values of cIMT was found after adjustment for demographic and classic CV risk factors (p-value=0.0094) in the anti-CCP negative RA patients. Conclusions: Our results revealed that SMAD3 rs17228212 gene variant is associated with lower risk of CVA and less severe subclinical atherosclerosis in RA patients negative for anti-CCP antibodies. These findings may have importance to establish predictive models of CV disease in RA patients according to anti-CCP status.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2013, vol. 8, num. 10, p. e77695
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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