Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/96027
Title: Cross-sectional assessment of nut consumption and obesity, metabolic syndrome and other cardiometabolic risk factors: the PREDIMED study
Author: Ibarrola Jurado, Núria
Bulló, Mònica
Guasch Ferré, Marta
Ros Rahola, Emilio
Martínez-González, Miguel Ángel, 1957-
Corella Piquer, Dolores
Fiol Sala, Miguel
Wärnberg, Julia
Estruch Riba, Ramon
Román, Pilar
Arós, Fernando
Vinyoles, Ernest
Serra Majem, Lluís
Pintó Sala, Xavier
Covas Planells, María Isabel
Basora-Gallisá, Josep
Salas Salvadó, Jordi
Keywords: Hàbits alimentaris
Assaigs clínics
Obesitat
Malalties cardiovasculars
Food habits
Clinical trials
Obesity
Cardiovascular diseases
Issue Date: 2013
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: INTRODUCTION: Prospective studies have consistently suggested that nut consumption is inversely related to fatal and non-fatal coronary heart disease. Limited data are available on the epidemiological associations between nut intake and cardiometabolic risk factors. OBJECTIVE: To evaluate associations between frequency of nut consumption and prevalence of cardiometabolic risk factors [obesity, metabolic syndrome (MetS), type-2 diabetes, hypertension, and dyslipidemia] in a Mediterranean population at high cardiovascular risk. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Cross-sectional study of 7,210 men and women (mean age, 67 y) recruited into the PREDIMED study. MetS was defined by the harmonized ATPIII and IDF criteria. Diabetes and hypertension were assessed by clinical diagnosis and dyslipidemia (high triglycerides, low HDL-cholesterol, and hypercholesterolemia) by lipid analyses. Nut consumption was assessed using a validated food frequency questionnaire and categorized as <1, 1-3, and >3 servings/wk. Control of confounding was done with multivariate logistic regression. RESULTS: Compared to participants consuming <1 serving/wk of nuts, those consuming >3 servings/wk had lower adjusted odds ratios (OR) for obesity (0.61, 95% confidence interval 0.54 to 0.68; P-trend <0.001), MetS (0.74, 0.65 to 0.85; P-trend<0.001), and diabetes (0.87, 0.78 to 0.99; P-trend = 0.043). Higher nut consumption was also associated with lower risk of the abdominal obesity MetS criterion (OR 0.68, 0.60 to 0.79; P-trend<0.001). No significant associations were observed for the MetS components high blood pressure, dyslipidemia, or elevated fasting glucose. CONCLUSIONS: Nut consumption was inversely associated with the prevalence of general obesity, central obesity, MetS, and diabetes in subjects at high cardiovascular risk.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057367
It is part of: PLoS One, 2013, vol. 8, num. 2, p. e57367
Related resource: http://dx.doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0057367
URI: http://hdl.handle.net/2445/96027
ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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