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Title: Heterogeneity in genetic admixture across different regions of Argentina
Author: Avena, Sergio
Via i García, Marc
Ziv, Elad
Pérez-Stable, Eliseo J.
Gignoux, Christopher R.
Dejean, Cristina
Huntsman, Scott
Torres-Mejía, Gabriela
Dutil, Julie
Matta, Jaime L.
Beckman, Kenneth
González Burchard, Esteban
Parolin, María Laura
Goicoechea, Alicia
Acreche, Noemí
Boquet, Mariel
Rios Part, María del Carmen.
Fernández, Vanesa
Rey, Jorge
Stern, Mariana C.
Carnese, Raúl F.
Fejerman, Laura
Keywords: Genoma humà
Genètica de poblacions
Migració de pobles
Marcadors genètics
Human genome
Population Genetics
Migrations of nations
Genetic markers
Issue Date: 10-Apr-2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: The population of Argentina is the result of the intermixing between several groups, including Indigenous American, European and African populations. Despite the commonly held idea that the population of Argentina is of mostly European origin, multiple studies have shown that this process of admixture had an impact in the entire Argentine population. In the present study we characterized the distribution of Indigenous American, European and African ancestry among individuals from different regions of Argentina and evaluated the level of discrepancy between self-reported grandparental origin and genetic ancestry estimates. A set of 99 autosomal ancestry informative markers (AIMs) was genotyped in a sample of 441 Argentine individuals to estimate genetic ancestry. We used non-parametric tests to evaluate statistical significance. The average ancestry for the Argentine sample overall was 65% European (95%CI: 63-68%), 31% Indigenous American (28-33%) and 4% African (3-4%). We observed statistically significant differences in European ancestry across Argentine regions [Buenos Aires province (BA) 76%, 95%CI: 73-79%; Northeast (NEA) 54%, 95%CI: 49-58%; Northwest (NWA) 33%, 95%CI: 21-41%; South 54%, 95%CI: 49-59%; p<0.0001] as well as between the capital and immediate suburbs of Buenos Aires city compared to more distant suburbs [80% (95%CI: 75-86%) versus 68% (95%CI: 58-77%), p = 0.01]. European ancestry among individuals that declared all grandparents born in Europe was 91% (95%CI: 88-94%) compared to 54% (95%CI: 51-57%) among those with no European grandparents (p<0.001). Our results demonstrate the range of variation in genetic ancestry among Argentine individuals from different regions in the country, highlighting the importance of taking this variation into account in genetic association and admixture mapping studies in this population.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2012, vol. 7, num. 4, p. e34695
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Psicologia Clínica i Psicobiologia)

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