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Title: Photoprotection by Punica granatum seed oil nanoemulsion entrapping polyphenol-rich ethyl acetate fraction against UVB-induced DNA damage in human keratinocyte (HaCaT) cell line
Author: Baccarin, Thaisa
Mitjans Arnal, Montserrat
Ramos López, David
Lemos-Senna, Elenara
Vinardell Martínez-Hidalgo, Ma. Pilar
Keywords: Litràcies
Olis vegetals
Emulsions (Farmàcia)
Protectors solars
Vegetable oils
Emulsions (Pharmacy)
Sunscreens (Cosmetics)
Issue Date: Dec-2015
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: There has been an increase in the use of botanicals as skin photoprotective agents. Pomegranate (Punica granatum L.) is well known for its high concentration of polyphenolic compounds and for its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties. The aim of this study was to analyse the photoprotection provided by Punica granatum seed oil nanoemulsion entrapping the polyphenol-rich ethyl acetate fraction against UVB-induced DNA damage in the keratinocyte HaCaT cell line. For this purpose, HaCaT cells were pretreated for 1 h with nanoemulsions in a serum-free medium and then irradiated with UVB (90<br>200 mJ/cm2) rays. Fluorescence microscopy analysis provided information about the cellular internalization of the nanodroplets. We also determined the in vitro SPF of the nanoemulsions and evaluated their phototoxicity using the 3T3 Neutral Red Uptake Phototoxicity Test. The nanoemulsions were able to protect the cells' DNA against UVB-induced damage in a concentration dependent manner. Nanodroplets were internalized by the cells but a higher proportion was detected along the cell membrane. The SPF obtained (~25) depended on the concentration of the ethyl acetate fraction and pomegranate seed oil in the nanoemulsion. The photoprotective formulations were classified as non-phototoxic. In conclusion, nanoemulsions entrapping the polyphenol-rich ethyl acetate fraction show potential for use as a sunscreen product.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Photochemistry and Photobiology B-Biology, 2015, vol. 153, p. 127-136
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ISSN: 1011-1344
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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