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Title: Economic Impact of a New Rapid PCR Assay for Detecting Influenza Virus in an Emergency Department and Hospitalized Patients.
Author: Soto, Marcelo
Sampietro-Colom, Laura
Vilella i Morató, Anna
Pantoja, Efraín
Asenjo, María
Arjona, Ruth
Hurtado, Juan Carlos
Trilla García, Antoni
Álvarez Martínez, Míriam
Mira, Aurea
Vila Estapé, Jordi
Marcos, Ma. Angeles
Keywords: Grip
Reacció en cadena de la polimerasa
Serveis d'urgències hospitalàries
Salut pública
Polymerase chain reaction
Hospital emergency services
Public health
Issue Date: 20-Jan-2016
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Seasonal influenza causes significant morbidity and mortality and has a substantial economic impact on the healthcare system. The main objective of this study was to compare the cost per patient for a rapid commercial PCR assay (Xpert1 Flu) with an in-house realtime PCR test for detecting influenza virus. Community patients with influenza like-illness attending the Emergency Department (ED) as well as hospitalized patients in the Hospital Clínic of Barcelona were included. Costs were evaluated from the perspective of the hospital considering the use of resources directly related to influenza testing and treatment. For the purpose of this study, 366 and 691 patients were tested in 2013 and 2014, respectively. The Xpert1 Flu test reduced the mean waiting time for patients in the ED by 9.1 hours and decreased the mean isolation time of hospitalized patients by 23.7 hours. This was associated with a 103 (or about $113) reduction in the cost per patient tested in the ED and 64 ($70) per hospitalized patient. Sensitivity analyses showed that Xpert1 Flu is likely to be cost-saving in hospitals with different contexts and prices.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2015, vol. 11, num. 1, p. e0146620
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Fonaments Clínics)
Articles publicats en revistes (ISGlobal)
Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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