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Title: Epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease in older people in Spain (2007-2009): implications for future vaccination strategies
Author: Ardanuy Tisaire, María Carmen
Marimón, José María
Calatayud, Laura
Giménez, Montserrat
Alonso, Marta
Grau, Immaculada
Pallarés Giner, Roman
Pérez Trallero, Emilio
Liñares Louzao, Josefina
Keywords: Pneumococs
Infeccions per pneumococs
Vacuna antipneumocòccica
Persones grans
Streptococcus pneumonia
Pneumococcal Infections
Pneumococcal vaccine
Older people
Issue Date: 22-Aug-2012
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Background: Recently, the 13-valent pneumococcal conjugate vaccine (PCV13) has been recommended for adults. We analyzed the epidemiology of invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD) in older adults in Spain before PCV13 introduction. Methodology/Principal Findings: IPD episodes, defined as clinical findings together with an invasive pneumococcal isolate, were prospectively collected from patients aged over 65 years in three hospitals in Spain from 2007 to 2009. A total of 335 IPD episodes were collected. Pneumonia was the main clinical syndrome, while chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes mellitus and cancer were the main underlying diseases. Pneumococcal isolates were serotyped and the molecular typing was performed by PFGE/MLST. PCV13 serotypes accounted for 59.3% of isolates, the most prevalent being serotypes 19A (15.1%), 3 (9.6%), 7F (7.5%), 14 (6.9%) and 1 (5.4%). The most frequent non-PCV13 serotypes were serotypes 16F (4.5%), 22F (3.6%), 24F (3.3%) and 6C (2.1%). The most common genotypes were CC230 (8.5%, serotypes 19A and 24F), CC156 (8.2%, serotypes 9V and 14), ST191 (7.9%, serotype 7F), CC260 (6.6%, serotype 3), ST306 (5.2%, serotype 1), CC30 (4.6%, serotype 16F) and ST433 (3.6%, serotype 22F). Comparing the 335 IPD isolates to 174 invasive pneumococci collected at the same hospitals in 1999-2000, PCV7 serotypes decreased (45.4% vs 18.4%,p,0.001), non-PCV7 serotypes included in PCV13 increased (26.4% vs 41.0%,p = 0.001) and two non-PCV13 serotypes increased (serotype 6C 0% vs 2.1%, p = 0.05; serotype 24F 0.6% vs 3.3%, p = 0.04,). Conclusion: In our older adult population two serotypes (19A and 3) included in PCV13 accounted for about a quarter of IPD episodes in people $65 years. Non-PCV13 emerging serotypes should be carefully monitored in future surveillance studies.
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It is part of: PLoS One, 2012, vol. 7, num. 8, p. e43619
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)
Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)

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