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Title: Thermodynamic equilibrium for the dehydration of 1-butanol to di-n-butyl ether
Author: Pérez-Maciá, María Ángeles
Bringue Tomás, Roger
Iborra Urios, Montserrat
Tejero Salvador, Xavier
Cunill García, Fidel
Keywords: Èters
Alcohol butílic
Resines de bescanvi iònic
Ion exchange resins
Issue Date: 11-Jun-2015
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The thermodynamic equilibrium of the bimolecular dehydration of 1-butanol to di-n-butyl ether (DNBE) and water in the liquid phase was studied. Equilibrium experiments were performed at 4 MPa and in the temperature range of 413-463 K over the ion exchange resin Amberlyst-70. The thermodynamic equilibrium for the side reactions (dehydration to 1-butene, olefins isomerization, olefins hydration and branched ether formation) was also studied. The equilibrium constant for the dehydration reaction of 1-butanol to di-n-butyl ether and water was found to be independent on the operating temperature, within the limits of the experimental error ( 5.2%). The experimental equilibrium constants at 413-463 K allows to estimate the standard enthalpy change of reaction (ΔrH0(l) = -0.3 ± 2.9 kJ¿mol-1) and the standard entropy change of reaction (ΔrS0(l) = 26.8 ± 6.7 J¿mol-1¿K-1). From these values the standard formation enthalpy (ΔfH0DNBE,(l)) and the molar entropy of DNBE (S0DNBE,(l)) at 298.15 K were computed to be -370.5 ± 10.9 kJ¿mol-1 and 408.3 ± 6.8 J¿mol-1¿K-1 respectively
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Chemical Engineering Research & Design, 2015, vol. 102, p. 186-195
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ISSN: 0263-8762
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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