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Title: Catalytic activity and accessibility of acidic ion-exchange resins in liquid-phase etherification reactions
Author: Badia i Córcoles, Jordi Hug
Fité Piquer, Carles
Bringue Tomás, Roger
Iborra Urios, Montserrat
Cunill García, Fidel
Keywords: Èters
Resines de bescanvi iònic
Ion exchange resins
Issue Date: 20-Aug-2015
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Although macroreticular acidic ion-exchange resins have been widely used as catalysts in the industrial world for decades, their catalytic behavior is still far from being completely understood at a molecular level. Several characterization techniques coexist, which provide information about their properties. Only few of these techniques give an actual picture of their working-state features when swollen in anhydrous polar reactive media such as in etherification processes, where they are extensively used. The inverse steric exclusion chromatography technique, based on modeling the micropores structure, or gel phase, as a set of discrete volume fractions with a characteristic polymer chain density, constitutes an appropriate procedure to assess the morphology of ion-exchangers in the swollen state. Present work proposes an empirical model to correlate the properties of the volume fractions with their catalytic activity in the etherification reaction rates of isobutene by addition of C1 to C4 linear primary alcohols. Sixteen different macroreticular acidic ion-exchange catalysts, both commercial and lab-made, have been used, which differ in acid capacity, sulfonation type, cross linking degree and swollen-phase volume fractions distribution. Experimental reaction rates have been expressed as a sum of contributions of each individual volume fraction. The contribution of each polymer volume fraction corresponds to the product of the catalyst acidity, the characteristic volume fraction within the gel phase of the catalyst, and a specific turnover frequency (TOF) of that fraction. Accessibility of the reacting alcohol, expressed in terms of the Ogston coefficient, has been also included in the empirical dependency equation presented in this work.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Topics in Catalysis, 2015, vol. 58, num. 14, p. 919-932
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ISSN: 1022-5528
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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