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|Nature of bonding of alkali metals to Si(111)
Ricart, Josep M.
Rubio Martínez, Jaime
Illas i Riera, Francesc
|Química de superfícies
|The American Physical Society
|The nature of the chemisorption bond between alkali metals, Li to Cs, on the Si(l 11) surface has been studied by means of the ab initio Hartree-Fock cluster-model approach. A comparative and systematic study has been carried out for a variety of cluster models simulating the high-symmetry sites of this surface. In all cases we found the bond highly ionic with a small participation of covalent effects to the interaction energy, which ranges from ,:::,,20% for chemisorbed Li to less than 10% for Rb and Cs above the different active sites. This result is consistent with several analyses of the interaction focused on the interaction energy, the final Hartree-Fock wave function, the analysis of the dipole moment, and of its variation with the adsorbate-surface distance. We show that the dipole moment for chemisorbed alkali metals is smaller than the one expected from an ionic bond beca use of the substrate polarization. Consequently we argue that changes in the measured work function are not adequate to extract information about the ionicity of a given interaction. This is in agreement with previous works considering a metal substrate. Here we show that the same mechanism holds for semiconductor surfaces as well.
|Reproducció digital del document publicat en format paper, proporcionada per PROLA i http://dx.doi.org/10.1103/PhysRevB.51.1581
|It is part of:
|Physical Review B, 1995, vol. 51, núm. 3, p. 1581-1592
|Appears in Collections:
|Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)
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