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Title: An increase in visceral fat is associated with a decrease in the taste and olfactory capacity
Author: Fernández García, José C.
Alcaide, Juan
Santiago-Fernandez, Concepcion
Roca-Rodriguez, M. M.
Agüera, Zaida
Baños Rivera, Rosa María
Botella Arbona, Cristina
Torre Fornell, Rafael de la
Fernández-Real Lemos, José Manuel
Fruhbeck, Gema
Gómez Ambrosi, Javier
Jiménez-Murcia, Susana
Menchón Magriñá, José Manuel
Casanueva, Felipe F.
Fernández Aranda, Fernando
Tinahones, Francisco J.
Garrido-Sanchez, Lourdes
Keywords: Obesitat
Issue Date: 1-Feb-2017
Publisher: Public Library of Science (PLoS)
Abstract: Introduction Sensory factors may play an important role in the determination of appetite and food choices. Also, some adipokines may alter or predict the perception and pleasantness of specific odors. We aimed to analyze differences in smell±taste capacity between females with different weights and relate them with fat and fat-free mass, visceral fat, and several adipokines. Materials and methods 179 females with different weights (from low weight to morbid obesity) were studied. We analyzed the relation between fat, fat-free mass, visceral fat (indirectly estimated by bioelectrical impedance analysis with visceral fat rating (VFR)), leptin, adiponectin and visfatin. The smell and taste assessments were performed through the 'Sniffin' Sticks' and 'Taste Strips' respectively. Results We found a lower score in the measurement of smell (TDI-score (Threshold, Discrimination and Identification)) in obese subjects. All the olfactory functions measured, such as threshold, discrimination, identification and the TDI-score, correlated negatively with age, body mass index (BMI), leptin, fat mass, fat-free mass and VFR. In a multiple linear regression model, VFR mainly predicted the TDI-score. With regard to the taste function measurements, the normal weight subjects showed a higher score of taste functions. However a tendency to decrease was observed in the groups with greater or lesser BMI. In a multiple linear regression model VFR and age mainly predicted the total taste scores. Discussion We show for the first time that a reverse relationship exists between visceral fat and sensory signals, such as smell and taste, across a population with different body weight conditions.
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: PLoS One, 2017, vol. 12, num. 2, p. e0171204
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ISSN: 1932-6203
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciències Clíniques)
Articles publicats en revistes (Infermeria de Salut Pública, Salut mental i Maternoinfantil)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))

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