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Title: Memantine loaded PLGA PEGylated nanoparticles for Alzheimer's disease: in vitro and in vivo characterization
Author: Sánchez-López, E. (Elena)
Ettcheto Arriola, Miren
Egea Gras, Ma. Antonia
Espina García, Marta
Cano Fernández, Amanda
Calpena Campmany, Ana Cristina
Camins Espuny, Antoni
Carmona, Nuria
Silva, Amélia M.
Souto, Eliana B.
García, Maria Luisa
Keywords: Malaltia d'Alzheimer
Alzheimer's disease
Issue Date: 27-Mar-2018
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: Memantine, drug approved for moderate to severe Alzheimer's disease, has not shown to be fully efective. In order to solve this issue, polylactic-co-glycolic (PLGA) nanoparticles could be a suitable solution to increase drug's action on the target site as well as decrease adverse efects. For these reason, Memantine was loaded in biodegradable PLGA nanoparticles, produced by double emulsion method and surface-coated with polyethylene glycol. MEM-PEG-PLGA nanoparticles (NPs) were aimed to target the blood-brain barrier (BBB) upon oral administra‑ tion for the treatment of Alzheimer's disease. Results: The production parameters were optimized by design of experiments. MEM-PEG-PLGA NPs showed a mean particle size below 200 nm (152.6±0.5 nm), monomodal size distribution (polydispersity index, PI<0.1) and negative surface charge (−22.4 mV). Physicochemical characterization of NPs confrmed that the crystalline drug was dispersed inside the PLGA matrix. MEM-PEG-PLGA NPs were found to be non-cytotoxic on brain cell lines (bEnd.3 and astrocytes). Memantine followed a slower release profle from the NPs against the free drug solution, allowing to reduce drug administration frequency in vivo. Nanoparticles were able to cross BBB both in vitro and in vivo. Behavio‑ ral tests carried out on transgenic APPswe/PS1dE9 mice demonstrated to enhance the beneft of decreasing memory impairment when using MEM-PEG-PLGA NPs in comparison to the free drug solution. Histological studies confrmed that MEM-PEG-PLGA NPs reduced β-amyloid plaques and the associated infammation characteristic of Alzheimer's disease. Conclusions: Memantine NPs were suitable for Alzheimer's disease and more efective than the free drug.
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It is part of: Journal of Nanobiotechnology, 2018, vol. 16, num. 32
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ISSN: 1477-3155
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Farmàcia, Tecnologia Farmacèutica i Fisicoquímica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Farmacologia, Toxicologia i Química Terapèutica)
Articles publicats en revistes (Institut de Nanociència i Nanotecnologia (IN2UB))

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