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Title: TGF-β2, EGF, and FGF21 Growth Factors Present in Breast Milk Promote Mesenteric Lymph Node Lymphocytes Maturation in Suckling Rats
Author: Torres-Castro, Paulina
Abril Gil, Maria del Mar
Rodríguez Lagunas, María José
Castell, Margarida
Pérez-Cano, Francisco J.
Franch i Masferrer, Àngels
Keywords: Llet materna
Breast milk
Issue Date: 27-Aug-2018
Publisher: MDPI
Abstract: Breast milk, due to its large number of nutrients and bioactive factors, contributes to optimal development and immune maturation in early life. In this study, we aimed to assess the influence of some growth factors present in breast milk, such as transforming growth factor-β2 (TGF-β2), epidermal growth factor (EGF), and fibroblast growth factor 21 (FGF21), on the immune response development. Newborn Wistar rats were supplemented daily with TGF-β2, EGF, or FGF21, throughout the suckling period. At day 14 and 21 of life, lymphocytes from mesenteric lymph nodes (MLNs) were isolated, immunophenotyped, and cultured to evaluate their ability to proliferate and release cytokines. The main results demonstrated that supplementation with TGF-β2, EGF, or FGF21 modified the lymphocyte composition in MLNs. At day 14, all supplementations were able to induce a lower percentage of natural killer (NK) cells with the immature phenotype (CD8+), and they reduced the CD8αα/CD8αβ ratio at day 21. Moreover, the cytokine pattern was modified by the three treatments, with a down regulation of interleukin (IL)-13 secretion. These results showed the contribution of these growth factors in the lymphocytes MLNs immune maturation during the neonatal period. View Full-Text Keywords: growth factors; breast milk; immunonutrition; cytokines; lymphocytes
Note: Reproducció del document publicat a:
It is part of: Nutrients, 2018, vol. 10, num. 9, p. 1171
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ISSN: 2072-6643
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Bioquímica i Fisiologia)

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