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Title: Evaluation of ion mobility for the separation of glycoconjugate isomers due to different types of sialic acid linkage, at the intact glycoprotein, glycopeptide and glycan level
Author: Barroso, Albert
Giménez López, Estela
Konijnenberg, Albert
Sancho, Jaime
Sanz Nebot, María Victoria
Sobott, Frank
Keywords: Glicoproteïnes
Espectrometria de masses
Separació (Tecnologia)
Mass spectrometry
Separation (Technology)
Issue Date: 20-Feb-2018
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The study of protein glycosylation can be regarded as an intricate but very important task, making glycomics one of the most challenging and interesting, albeit under-researched, type of 'omics' science. Complexity escalates remarkably when considering that carbohydrates can form severely branched structures with many different constituents, which often leads to the formation of multiple isomers. In this regard, ion mobility (IM) spectrometry has recently demonstrated its power for the separation of isomeric compounds. In the present work, the potential of traveling wave IM (TWIMS) for the separation of isomeric glycoconjugates was evaluated, using mouse transferrin (mTf) as model glycoprotein. Particularly, we aim to assess the performance of this platform for the separation of isomeric glycoconjugates due to the type of sialic acid linkage, at the intact glycoprotein, glycopeptide and glycan level. Straightforward separation of isomers was achieved with the analysis of released glycans, as opposed to the glycopeptides which showed a more complex pattern. Finally, the developed methodology was applied to serum samples of mice, to investigate its robustness when analyzing real complex samples. BIOLOGICAL SIGNIFICANCE: Ion mobility mass spectrometry is a promising analytical technique for the separation of glycoconjugate isomers due to type of sialic acid linkage. The impact of such a small modification in the glycan structure is more evident in smaller analytes, reason why the analysis of free glycans was easier compared to the intact protein or the glycopeptides. The established methodology could be regarded as starting point in the separation of highly decorated glycoconjugates. This is an important topic nowadays, as differences in the abundance of some glycan isomers could be the key for the early diagnosis, control or differentiation of certain diseases, such as inflammation or cancer.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Proteomics, 2018, vol. 173, p. 22-31
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ISSN: 1874-3919
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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