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Title: High cut-off membrane for in- vivo dialysis of free plasma hemoglobin in a patient with massive hemolysis
Author: Cucchiari, David
Reverter, Enric
Blasco, Miquel
Molina Andújar, Alícia
Carpio, Adriá
Sanz, Miquel
Escorsell i Mañosa, M. Àngels
Fernández, Javier
Poch López de Briñas, Esteban
Keywords: Hemoglobina
Malalties del ronyó
Kidney diseases
Issue Date: 4-Oct-2018
Publisher: BioMed Central
Abstract: Background: The possibility of clearing Cell-free Plasma Hemoglobin (CPH) from human plasma may appear attractive, especially when considering the noxious effects that CPH has on the immune function and the renal damage caused by its filtration. The existence of the so-called High Cut-Off (HCO) filters, possessing pores as big as 60 kDa, could potentially allow the clearance of the αβ dimers (31.3 kDa), the form in which the α2β2 hemoglobin tetramers (62.6 kDa) physiologically dissociate in plasma. We present herein the first reported case in which such an attempt was made. Case presentation: The patient was a 51-year-old man with hemolytic crisis due to glucose-6-phosphate dehydrogenase deficiency, further complicated by pigment-induced nephropathy. He underwent a 48-h CVVHD session, in which a HCO filter was used. The Sieving Coefficient (SC) for CPH was initially 0.08 and decreased to 0.02 after 24 h. This unexpected low SC was due to the initial high concentration of CPH (4.24 g/L). At such concentrations, the α2β2 tetramer poorly dissociates into the αβ dimer; but increases exponentially at concentrations lower than 1 g/L. Conclusions: Clearance of CPH through a HCO filter is technically feasible but its performance markedly relies on the initial concentration of CPH. Critically ill patients with smoldering hemolysis, as it happens during septic shock or ECMO treatment, may benefit the most from the use of this membrane in order to clear CPH.
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It is part of: BMC Neurology, 2018, vol. 19, p. 250
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ISSN: 1471-2377
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Medicina)

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