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Title: A high-fat high-sucrose diet affects the long-term metabolic fate of grape proanthocyanidins in rats
Author: Molinar Toribio, Eunice María
Fuguet i Jordà, Elisabet
Ramos Romero, Sara
Taltavull, Núria
Méndez, Lucía
Nogués, M. Rosa
Medina, Isabel
Torres Simón, Josep Lluís
Pérez-Jiménez, Jara
Keywords: Polifenols
Issue Date: Feb-2018
Publisher: Springer Verlag
Abstract: Purpose Polyphenol metabolites are key mediators of the biological activities of polyphenols. This study aimed to evaluate the long-term effects of a high-fat high-sucrose (HFHS) diet on the metabolism of proanthocyanidins from grape seed extract (GSE). Methods Adult female Wistar-Kyoto rats were fed a standard (STD) or HFHS diet supplemented or not with GSE for 16 weeks. PA metabolites were determined by targeted HPLC-MS/MS analysis. Results A lower concentration of total microbial-derived PA metabolites was present in urine and the aqueous fraction of faeces in the HFHS + GSE group than in the STD + GSE group. In contrast, a tendency towards the formation of conjugated (epi)catechin metabolites in the HFHS + GSE group was observed. Conclusions These results show that a HFHS diet significantly modifies PA metabolism, probably via: (1) a shift in microbial communities not counteracted by the polyphenols themselves; and (2) an up-regulation of hepatic enzymes.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: European Journal of Nutrition, 2018, vol. 57, p. 339-349
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ISSN: 1436-6207
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Enginyeria Química i Química Analítica)

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