Please use this identifier to cite or link to this item:
Title: Three-dimensional nucleation with diffusion controlled growth: a comparative study of electrochemical phase formation from aqueous and deep eutectic solvents
Author: Sebastián, Paula
Botello, Luis E.
Vallés Giménez, Elisa
Gómez, Elvira
Palomar-Pardave, Manuel
Scharifker, Benjamin R.
Mostany, Jorge
Keywords: Nucleació
Issue Date: 15-May-2017
Publisher: Elsevier B.V.
Abstract: The nucleation of Ag onto vitreous carbon from aqueous 3 M NaCl or 0.6 M NaClO4 and deep eutectic solvent (DES) 1:2 M mixture of choline chloride:urea solutions containing Ag+, has been studied analyzing the chronoamperometric response to single potential steps. From the coordinates of the maxima observed in the current responses, the nucleation frequencies A (s(-1)) and number densities of nucleation sites N-0 (cm(-2)) were obtained from the standard model of nucleation with diffusion-controlled three-dimensional growth. Analysis of the overpotential dependence of nucleation frequencies using the classical electrochemical nucleation theory allowed to calculate the Gibbs free energy of nucleation Delta(G) over tilde (n(c)) and critical nucleus size n(c) as well as the exchange current density j(o), transfer coefficient alpha and surface tension sigma of silver nuclei. The kinetics of Ag+ reduction is two orders of magnitude slower in DES compared to both aqueous systems studied, and values of alpha << 0.5 where found in both aqueous and DES media, indicating either that the intermediate state for metal ion reduction is located close to the initial state, i.e., the solvated or complexed metal ion in solution, or that the metal ion is specifically adsorbed on the surface and the symmetry factor involved requires an alternative electron transfer formalism. The low Delta(G) over tilde (n(c)) and n(c) values observed indicate that the discharge of a single Ag ion on the surface already becomes a supercritical nucleus, involving a very low Gibbs energy barrier, characteristic of a non-activated process. (C) 2016 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Note: Versió postprint del document publicat a:
It is part of: Journal of Electroanalytical Chemistry, 2017, vol. 793, p. 119-125
Related resource:
ISSN: 1572-6657
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

Files in This Item:
File Description SizeFormat 
681457.pdf738.4 kBAdobe PDFView/Open

This item is licensed under a Creative Commons License Creative Commons