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Title: Geopolymers based on the valorization of municipal solid waste incineration residues
Author: Giró Paloma, Jessica
Maldonado Alameda, Alex
Formosa Mitjans, Joan
Barbieri, L.
Chimenos Ribera, Josep Ma.
Lancellotti, I.
Keywords: Eliminació de residus
Polímers inorgànics
Refuse and refuse disposal
Inorganic polymers
Issue Date: 25-Oct-2017
Publisher: IOP Publishing
Abstract: he proper management of Municipal Solid Waste (MSW) has become one of the main environmental commitments for developed countries due to the uncontrolled growth of waste caused by the consumption patterns of modern societies. Nowadays, municipal solid waste incineration (MSWI) is one of the most feasible solutions and it is estimated to increase in Europe where the accessibility of landfill is restricted. Bottom ash (BA) is the most significant by-product from MSWI as it accounts for 85-95 % of the solid product resulting from combustion, which is classified as a non-hazardous residue that can be revalorized as a secondary aggregate in road sub-base, bulk lightweight filler in construction. In this way, revalorization of weathered BA (WBA) for the production of geopolymers may be a good alternative to common reuse as secondary aggregate material; however, the chemical process to obtain these materials involves several challenges that could disturb the stability of the material, mainly from the environmental point of view. Accordingly, it is necessary that geopolymers are able to stabilize heavy metals contained in the WBA in order to be classified as non-hazardous materials. In this regard, the SiO2/Al2O3 ratio plays an important role for the encapsulation of heavy metals and other toxic elements. The aim of this research is to formulate geopolymers starting from the 0-2 mm particle size fraction of WBA, as a unique raw material used as aluminumsilicate precursor. Likewise, leaching tests of the geopolymers formulated were performed to assess their environmental impact. The findings show that it is possible to formulate geopolymers using 100 % WBA as precursor, although more investigations are needed to sustain that geopolymer obtained can be considered as non-hazardous materials.
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It is part of: IOP conference series. Materials science and engineering, 2017, vol. 251, p. 012125
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ISSN: 1757-8981
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Ciència dels Materials i Química Física)

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