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Title: Unexpected expression of alpha- and beta-globin in mesencephalic dopaminergic neurons and glial cells
Author: Biagioli, Marta
Pinto, Milena
Cesselli, Daniela
Zaninello, Marta
Lazarevic, Dejan
Roncaglia, Paola
Simone, Roberto
Vlachouli, Christina
Plessy, Charles
Bertin, Nicolas
Beltrami, Antonio
Kobayashi, Kazuto
Gallo, Vittorio
Santoro, Claudio
Ferrer, Isidro (Ferrer Abizanda)
Rivella, Stefano
Beltrami, Carlo Alberto
Carninci, Piero
Raviola, Elio
Gustincich, Stefano
Keywords: Neuròglia
Issue Date: 8-Sep-2009
Publisher: National Academy of Sciences
Abstract: The mesencephalic dopaminergic (mDA) cell system is composed of two major groups of projecting cells in the substantia nigra (SN) (A9 neurons) and the ventral tegmental area (VTA) (A10 cells). A9 neurons form the nigrostriatal pathway and are involved in regulating voluntary movements and postural reflexes. Their selective degeneration leads to Parkinson's disease. Here, we report that gene expression analysis of A9 dopaminergic neurons (DA) identifies transcripts for alpha- and beta-chains of hemoglobin (Hb). Globin immunoreactivity decorates the majority of A9 DA, a subpopulation of cortical and hippocampal astrocytes and mature oligodendrocytes. This pattern of expression was confirmed in different mouse strains and in rat and human. We show that Hb is expressed in the SN of human postmortem brain. By microarray analysis of dopaminergic cell lines overexpressing alpha- and beta-globin chains, changes in genes involved in O(2) homeostasis and oxidative phopshorylation were observed, linking Hb expression to mitochondrial function. Our data suggest that the most famed oxygen-carrying globin is not exclusively restricted to the blood, but it may play a role in the normal physiology of the brain and neurodegenerative diseases.
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It is part of: Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America - PNAS, 2009, vol. 106, num. 36, p. 15454-15459
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ISSN: 0027-8424
Appears in Collections:Articles publicats en revistes (Institut d'lnvestigació Biomèdica de Bellvitge (IDIBELL))
Articles publicats en revistes (Patologia i Terapèutica Experimental)

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